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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics

From: Correlates of conduct disorder among inmates of a Nigerian Borstal Institution

Characteristic Mean (SD)
Age (in years) 17.1 (1.1)
Age range 14–18 years
  n (%)
Ethnicity 147 (100)
 Yoruba 114 (77.6)
 Hausa 5 (3.4)
 Ibo 27 (18.4)
 Other 1 (0.4)
Type of religion 147 (100)
 African traditional religion 1 (0.7)
 Christianity 87 (59.2)
 Islam 59 (40.1)
Frequency of religious participation 147 (100)
 Rarely or never 86 (58.5)
 Often or regularly 61 (41.5)
Educational level 147 (100)
 No formal education 6 (4.1)
 Primary education 53 (36.1)
 Junior secondary 51 (34.7)
 Senior secondary 37 (25.2)
No of siblings 147 (100)
 Small (four or less) 56 (38.1)
 Large (five or more) 91 (61.9)
Who brought you up? 147 (100)
 Single parent or relative 121 (82.3)
 Both parents 26 (17.7)
Age (years) at parental separation/divorce/death 121 (100)
 Less than five 92 (76.0)
 Five and above 29 (24.0)
Family settings 147 (100)
 Monogamous 57 (38.8)
 Polygamous 90 (61.2)
Marital status (if both parent are alive) 96 (100)
 Married and living together 26 (27.1)
 Married but not living together 7 (7.3)
 Separated or divorced 63 (65.5)
Reason/s for being incarcerated 147 (100)
 Offender 97 (66.0)
 Non-offender 50 (34.0)
History of previous remand 147 (100)
 No 111 (75.5)
 Yes 36 (24.5)
Duration of stay in weeks (months) 147 (100)
 <12 67 (45.6)
 12–24 76 (51.7)
 >24 4 (2.7)
Prevalence of conduct disorder (CD)
 Conduct disorder (CD) 147 (100)
  CD present 83 (56.5)
  CD absent 64 (43.5)