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Table 2 Socio-demographic profile and conduct disorder

From: Correlates of conduct disorder among inmates of a Nigerian Borstal Institution

Variables Absent N (%) Present N (%) Degree of freedom Chi square p value
Age group
 14–16 16 (25.0) 10 (12.0) 1 4.164 0.041a
 17 and 18 48 (75.0) 73 (88.0)    
Ethnicity
 Yoruba 46 (71.9) 68 (81.9) 3 4.705 0.195
 Hausa 4 (6.2) 1 (1.2)    
 Ibo 13 (21.9) 13 (15.7    
 Others 0(0) 1 (1.20)    
Religion
 Christianity 36 (56.2) 51 (61.4) 2 1.581 0.454
 Islam 27 (42.2) 32 (38.6)    
 African traditional religion 1 (1.6) 0 (0)    
Frequency religious participation
 Rarely or never 37 (57.8) 49 (59.0) 1 0.022 0.881
 Often 27 (42.2) 34 (41.0)    
Family setting
 Monogamous 32 (50.0) 26 (31.3) 1 5.276 0.022a
 Polygamous 32 (50.0) 57 (68.7)    
No of siblings
 Four or less 32 (50.0) 24 (28.9) 1 6.812 0.009a
 Five or more 32 (50.0) 59 (71.1)    
Marital status (if both parents are alive)
 Divorced/separated 24 (51.1) 39 (79.6) 2 14.668 0.001a
 Never married/Married but not living together 2 (4.3) 5 (10.2)    
 Married and living together 21 (44.6) 5 (10.2)    
Who brought the participant up
 Both parents 21 (32.8) 5 (6.0) 1 17.812 <0.01a
 Single parent/relatives 43 (67.2) 78 (94.0)    
Age at parental separation/divorce/death
 Less than 5 years 28 (65.1) 64 (82.1) 1 4.362 0.037a
 5 years or more 15 (34.9) 14 (17.9)    
Previous history of incarceration
 No 56 (87.5) 55 (66.3) 1 8.812 0.003a
 Yes 8 (12.5) 28 (33.7)    
Reason for being incarcerated
 Criminal 19 (29.7) 31 (37.3) 1 0.945 0.331
 Non-criminal 45 (70.3) 52 (62.7)    
Duration of stay
 <12 months 32 (50.0) 35 (42.2) 2 1.279 0.528
 12–24 months 31 (48.4) 45 (54.20    
 >24 months 1 (1.6) 3 (3.6)    
  1. aSignifican test of association