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Table 3 Predicting the presence of PTSD and other anxiety disorder by ACEs and covariates in detained adolescent offenders

From: The associations of cumulative adverse childhood experiences and irritability with mental disorders in detained male adolescent offenders

Variables PTSD Other anxiety disorder
Unadjusted model Adjusted modela Unadjusted model Adjusted modela
OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI)
ACE total scoreb 2.28 (1.33–3.91)** 2.39 (1.29–4.46)** 1.67 (1.12–2.49)** 1.68 (1.10–2.57)*
Irritability scoreb 1.59 (0.93–2.73) 1.63 (1.29–4.46) 1.44 (0.96–2.17)+ 1.44 (0.92–2.26)
ACE total scoreb * Irritabiliy scoreb 1.14 (0.72–1.80) 0.83 (0.46–1.49) 1.03 (0.71–1.48) 1.04 (0.68–1.58)
Age at incarcerationb 0.79 (0.47–1.32) 0.80 (0.46–1.40) 1.10 (0.74–1.63) 1.21 (0.79–1.85)
Foreign nationality 3.50 (1.15–10.59)* 4.32 (1.30–14.31)* 0.83 (0.38–1.83) 0.76 (0.33–1.78)
low SES 0.61 (0.16–2.29) 0.50 (0.12–2.11) 0.72 (0.30–1.74) 1.60 (0.63–4.09)
  1. PTSD posttraumatic stress disorder, ACE adverse childhood experience, SES socio-economic status, CI confidence interval, OR odds ratios
  2. aAdjusted for demographics, ACE total score, irritability score, and interaction term ACE total score * irritability score
  3. b z-Transformed
  4. Significance (two sided), p < .10, * p < .05, ** p < .01, *** p < .001