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Table 1 Sample characteristics and their association with prevalence of child abuse (n = 265)

From: Cognitive and behavioral risk factors for child physical abuse among Chinese children: a multiple-informant study

  Total sample Maternal minor physical abuse Paternal minor physical abuse Maternal severe physical abuse Paternal severe physical abuse
M ± SD/n (%) Yes No t/χ 2 Yes No t/χ 2 Yes No t/χ 2 Yes No t/χ 2
   131 (49.4) 134 (51.6)   113 (43.1) 149 (56.9)   66 (24.9) 199 (75.1)   63 (23.8) 202 (76.2)  
Gender
 Girls 140 (52.8) 67 (47.8) 73 (52.1) 0.295 55 (40.0) 83 (60.0) 1.275 35 (25.0) 105 (75.0) 0.001 25 (17.8) 115 (82.1) 5.733
 Boys 125 (47.2) 64 (51.2) 61 (48.8)   58 (46.8) 66 (53.2)   31 (24.8) 94 (75.2)   38 (30.4) 87 (69.6)  
Grade
 7th 130 (49.1) 68 (50.7) 62 (47.3) 0.310 81 (54.4) 46 (40.7) 4.797 94 (47.2) 36 (54.5) 1.059 96 (47.5) 34 (54.0) 0.798
 8th   66 (49.3) 69 (52.7)   68 (45.6) 67 (59.3)   105 (52.8) 30 (45.5)   106 (52.5) 29 (46.0)  
Location
 Urban 121 (45.7) 60 (49.6) 61 (50.4) 0.009 50 (42.0) 69 (58.0) 0.131 29 (24.0) 92 (76.0) 0.114 29 (24.0) 92 (76.0) 0.096
 Suburban 116 (43.7) 57 (49.1) 59 (50.9)   51 (44.3) 64 (55.7)   30 (25.9) 86 (74.1)   28 (24.1) 88 (75.9)  
 Rural 28 (10.6) 14 (50.0) 14 (50.0)   11 (42.9) 16 (57.1)   7 (25.0) 21 (75.0)   6 (21.4) 22 (78.6)  
Age 13.71 ± 0.60 13.73 ± 0.61 13.70 ± 0.59 0.285 13.77 ± 0.61 13.68 ± 0.59 1.111 13.66 ± 0.64 13.73 ± 0.59 0.866 13.63 ± 0.61 13.74 ± 0.60 1.241
SES 0.06 ± 1.18 0.03 ± 1.19 0.10 ± 1.18 0.457 0.10 ± 1.20 0.04 ± 1.18 0.388 −0.07 ± 1.15 0.11 ± 1.19 1.097 −0.07 ± 1.08 0.11 ± 1.21 1.022
  1. The values displayed in the cells indicate mean ± standard deviations for continuous variables and frequency (percentage) for categorical variables
  2. SES socioeconomic status
  3. p < 0.05