Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Emotional symptoms, conduct problems and hyperactivity

From: Sleep and behavioural problems associate with low mood in Finnish children aged 4–12 years: an epidemiological study

  Conduct problems score Hyperactive score
Univariate Multivariate Univariate Multivariate
OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI)
Often unhappy, down-hearted or tearful 5.64 (4.26–7.45)*** 3.33 (2.38–4.67)*** 4.42 (3.13–6.24)*** 2.78 (1.80–4.28)***
Often complains of headaches, stomach aches or sickness 2.36 (1.85–3.03)*** 1.61 (1.23–2.10)*** 2.01 (1.45–2.79)*** 1.33 (0.93–1.90)
Many worries, often seems worried 3.86 (2.95–5.05)*** 1.70 (1.22–2.37)** 3.03 (2.15–4.27)*** 1.32 (0.85–2.05)
Nervous or clingy in new situations, easily loses confidence 1.43 (1.13–1.81)** 1.05 (0.81–1.36) 1.54 (1.12–2.12)** 1.10 (0.78–1.55)
Many fears, easily scared 3.06 (2.29–4.10)*** 1.43 (1.01–2.02)* 3.42 (2.38–4.90)*** 1.88 (1.23–2.88)*
  1. Regression analysis examining the problem scores as explained variables and the emotional symptoms as predictor variables. The problem scores were categorized as normal, borderline or abnormal (0–2; 3; 4–10 for conduct problems and 0–5; 6; 7–10 for hyperactive problems, respectively) and the emotional symptoms dichotomized in “not true” and “somewhat/certainly true”
  2. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001
  3. OR odds ratio; CI confidence interval