Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Comparison of demographic, family and social characteristics of the adolescents by CDI scores for depression

From: Prevalence and factors associated with depression symptoms among school-going adolescents in Central Uganda

Variable Study sample (N = 519) Depression CDI ≥ 19 No depression CDI < 19 OR (95 % CI) P value
Gender
 Male 301 52 (17) 249 (83) 1  
 Female 218 57 (26) 161 (74) 1.7 (1.1–2.6) 0.01
Age
 <14 47 9 (19) 38 (81) 1  
 ≥14 472 100 (21) 372 (79) 0.99 (0.63–1.55) 0.95
Type of school
 Boys only 163 20 (12) 143 (88) 1  
 Girls only 80 26 (33) 54 (68) 2.07 (1.18–3.60) 0.01
 Boarding mixed 118 29 (25) 89 (75) 1.31 (0.78–2.18) 0.27
 Day mixed 158 34 (22) 124 (78) 1.06 (0.65–1.71) 0.81
Nature of family
 Monogamous 256 43 (17) 213 (83) 1  
 Polygamous 155 33 (21) 122 (79) 1.03 (0.63–1.66) 0.91
 Single parent 108 33 (31) 75 (69) 1.94 (1.71–3.22) 0.01
Head of household
 Adult 509 104 (20) 405 (80) 1  
 Child 10 5 (50) 5 (50) 3.85 (1.07–16.70) 0.02
Orphan hood
 Not orphaned 364 59 (16) 305 (84) 1  
 Orphaned 155 50 (32) 105 (68) 1.4 (1.61–3.84) 0.05
Chronic physical illness
 Absent 381 73 (19) 308 (81) 1  
 Present 138 36 (26) 102 (74) 1.64 (1.03–2.63) 0.03
Medication
 Absent 381 79 (21) 302 (79) 1  
 Present 138 30 (22) 108 (78) 0.91 (0.61–0.97) 0.97
Alcohol/substance use
 Absent 471 94 (20) 377 (80) 1  
 Present 48 15 (31) 33 (69) 1.76 (0.9–3.4) 0.08