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Table 2 Correlations between the types of marital relationships, parenting practices, children’s social skills, and demographic characteristics

From: Marital relationship, parenting practices, and social skills development in preschool children

Variable 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Marital relationship
 1. Destructive marital conflict         
 2. Constructive marital conflict −0.61***        
Parenting practices
 3. Negative parenting practices 0.27*** −0.19***       
 4. Positive parenting practices −0.17*** 0.27*** −0.28***      
Child social skills
 5. Cooperation −0.06*** 0.09*** −0.10*** 0.04*     
 6. Self-control −0.10*** 0.08*** −0.16*** 0.08*** 0.39***    
 7. Assertion −0.07*** 0.08*** −0.11*** 0.09*** 0.56*** 0.42***   
Demographic characteristics
 8. Sex −0.01 0.00 −0.08** 0.00 0.18*** 0.25*** 0.13***  
 9. Age 0.05* −0.03 0.04 −0.05* 0.12*** 0.04* 0.07*** −0.02
  1. [Marital relationship] Destructive marital conflict: QCCS Co-parental conflict. Constructive marital conflict: QCCS Co-parental support. [Parenting practices] Negative parenting practices: APQ Poor monitoring/supervision, Inconsistent discipline, Corporal punishment. Positive parenting practices: APQ Positive parenting, Involvement. [Demographic characteristics] Sex (0 = male, 1 = female)
  2. * p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01; *** p < 0.001