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Table 4 Adjusted odds ratios for repeat offending in alcohol use disorder according to comorbidity

From: Prevalence of psychiatric disorders, comorbidity patterns, and repeat offending among male juvenile detainees in South Korea: a cross-sectional study

Comorbidity combination Recidivism
OR (95% CI) p value AORa (95% CI) p value
AUD and CD 0.025
 AUD+ CD (n = 66) 3.70 (1.17–11.72) 0.026 3.81 (1.18–12.32) 0.025
 AUD only (n = 34) 10.00 (1.21–82.61) 0.033 10.17 (1.21–85.15) 0.032
 CD only (n = 30) 2.73 (0.68–10.92) 0.156 2.83 (0.69–11.56) 0.148
 Without AUD and/or CD 1 (Reference)   1 (Reference)  
AUD and ADHD
 AUD+ ADHD (n = 38) 2.92 (0.74–11.54) 0.125 2.95 (0.74–11.76) 0.126
 AUD (n = 62) 4.92 (1.27–18.99) 0.021 4.88 (1.25–19.11) 0.023
 ADHD (n = 23) 1.67 (0.41–6.74) 0.474 1.61 (0.39–6.69) 0.509
 With AUD and/or ADHD 1 (Reference)   1 (Reference)  
AUD and DBD
 AUD+ DBD (n = 80) 5.29 (1.69–16.54) 0.004 5.64 (1.75–18.15) 0.004
 AUD only (n = 20) 8.143 (0.942–70.409) 0.057 8.11 (0.91–71.93) 0.060
 DBD only (n = 43) 4.18 (1.15–15.21) 0.030 4.46 (1.19–16.72) 0.027
 Without AUD and/or DBD 1 (Reference)   1 (Reference)  
AUD and psychotic disorder
 AUD+ Psychotic disorder (n = 14) 2.79 (0.33–23.38) 0.345 2.23 (0.26–19.47) 0.468
 AUD only (n = 86) 3.47 (1.16–10.40) 0.026 3.64 (1.20–11.03) 0.023
 Psychotic disorder only (n = 5) 0.86 (0.09–8.37) 0.894 0.89 (0.09–9.10) 0.922
 Without AUD and/or psychotic disorder 1 (Reference)   1 (Reference)  
AUD and anxiety disorder
 AUD+ anxiety (n = 26) 1.92 (0.49–7.56) 0.353 1.80 (0.45–7.26) 0.409
 AUD only (n = 74) 5.92 (1.56–22.39) 0.009 5.84 (1.53–22.32) 0.010
 Anxiety only (n = 18) 2.00 (0.40–10.02) 0.399 1.73 (0.34–8.96) 0.512
 Without AUD and/or anxiety disorder 1 (Reference)   1 (Reference)  
AUD and major depression
 AUD+ major depression (n = 64) 2.18 (0.45, 10.61) 0.334 2.14 (0.43, 10.60) 0.351
 AUD only (n = 36) 3.93 (1.20–12.84) 0.024 3.73 (1.13, 12.33) 0.031
 Major depression only (n = 28) 0.66 (0.12, 3.65) 0.629 0.38 (0.06, 2.52) 0.315
 Without AUD and/or major depression 1 (Reference)   1 (Reference)  
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, AOR adjusted odds ratio, AUD alcohol use disorder, CD conduct disorder, ADHD attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, DBD disruptive behavior disorder
  2. aAdjusted for school drop-out