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Table 1 Frequency of the overall diagnosis by age

From: Diagnostic profiles and predictors of treatment outcome among children and adolescents attending a national psychiatric hospital in Botswana

Frequency of diagnosis Age, N* (%) Chi square p value
1–4 5–9 10–13 14–17
N = 10 N = 57 N = 50 N = 121
ADHD 8 (13.3) 36 (60.0) 11 (18.3) 5 (8.3) 88.241 <0.01
DBD 3 (6.8) 15 (34.1) 11 (25.0) 15 (34.1) 7.041 0.061*
Epilepsy 1 (3.6) 4 (14.3) 4 (14.3) 19 (67.9) 3.412 0.312*
Substance related do 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (2.9) 33 (97.1) 36.603 <0.01*
Autism 1 (8.3) 7 (58.3) 2 (16.7) 2 (16.7) 9.426 0.014*
Mental retardation 1 (3.4) 10 (34.5) 9 (31.0) 9 (31.0) 5.954 0.096*
Bipolar mood do 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (33.3) 4 (66.7) 2.274 0.506*
Depressive do 0 (0) 1 (5.6) 1 (5.6) 16 (88.9) 9.822 0.015*
Psychosis 0 (0) 1 (2.9) 6 (17.1) 28 (80.0) 17.409 0.001*
Anxiety disorder 0 (0) 3 (18.8) 6 (37.5) 7 (43.8) 2.483 0.447*
Adjustment do 0 (0) 2 (6.9) 5 (17.2) 22 (75.9) 9.042 0.023*
Enuresis 0 (0) 4 (40.0) 4 (40.0) 2 (20.0) 5.148 0.135*
Somatoform do 0 (0) 0 (0) 4 (66.7) 2 (33.3) 5.930 0.066*
Others 1 (8.3) 5 (41.7) 2 (16.7) 4 (33.3) 3.587 0.279*
  1. do disorder, DBD disruptive behavior disorders include conduct disorder and oppositional defiant disorder, ADHD attention deficit hyperactivity, psychosis schizophrenia and other psychotic do, Others Tic do, obsessive compulsive do, stress related do, organic do
  2. * Fisher’s exact test
  3. N* = 238. Significant relationships in italics