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Table 4 Differences in the mean scores of each of the five CDI subscales in the group of schoolchildren with clinically relevant depressive symptoms across gender groups (CDI ≥ 19) (n = 45)

From: Prevalence of depressive symptoms among schoolchildren in Cyprus: a cross-sectional descriptive correlational study

Subscales Gender N Mean value Standard deviation p value
Depressive mood (6 items, SR: 0–12) Boy 17 6.76 2.10 0.038
Girl 28 8.1 1.44
Inter-personal difficulties (4 items, SR: 0–8) Boy 17 2.41 1.22 0.042
Girl 28 1.67 1.41
Ineffectiveness (4 items, SR: 0–8) Boy 17 4.41 1.62 0.034
Girl 28 3.35 1.54
Anhedonia (8 items, SR: 0–16) Boy 17 6.70 2.64 0.022
Girl 28 7.82 2.45
Negative self-esteem (5 items, SR: 0–10) Boy 17 4.70 1.82 0.029
Girl 28 6.03 1.55
  1. N number of respondents, SR scale range