Skip to main content

Table 1 Bivariate logistic regression analyses of risk and protective factors for MHPs in preschoolers (N = 391), weighted data

From: Risk and protective factors for mental health problems in preschool-aged children: cross-sectional results of the BELLA preschool study

  % (n) Bivariate OR (95% CI) pa
Sociodemographic characteristics
 Gender
  Male 51.7 (202) Ref.   
  Female 48.3 (189) 0.64 (0.38–1.08) 0.09
 Age (years)
  3–4 49.6 (194) Ref.   
  5–6 50.4 (197) 0.83 (0.49–1.38) 0.47
 Geographical region
  East 19.2 (75) Ref.   
  West 80.8 (316) 1.45 (0.71–2.94) 0.30
Risk factors
 Parental mental health
  Not impaired 94.1 (368) Ref.   
  Impaired 5.9 (23) 3.68 (1.54–8.80) 0.003
 Child’s temperament
  Easy 91.4 (357) Ref.   
  Difficult 8.6 (34) 5.30 (2.54–11.06) 0.000
 Parental SES
  High 30.1 (118) Ref.   
  Middle 43.1 (169) 0.90 (0.46–1.77) 0.76
  Low 26.8 (104) 2.47 (1.28–4.78) 0.007
Protective factors
 Parental social support
  Low 13.0 (51) Ref.   
  Moderate 16.9 (66) 0.77 (0.33–1.80) 0.55
  High 70.0 (274) 0.50 (0.25–1.01) 0.05
 Parental competence
  Low 46.4 (181) Ref.   
  Moderate 44.6 (175) 0.30 (0.14–0.64) 0.002
  High 9.1 (35) 0.21 (0.09–0.46) 0.000
  1. Italics statistically significant
  2. MHPs mental health problems, OR odds ratio, 95% CI 95% confidence interval, Ref. reference category, SES socioeconomic status
  3. ap value determined using bivariate logistic regression analyses