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Table 2 Mapping of ESDM stimuli for JA and imitation into GOLIAH games

From: GOLIAH (Gaming Open Library for Intervention in Autism at Home): a 6-month single blind matched controlled exploratory study

Game type Description ESDM stimuli N of sessions per child: mean [range]
Imitation games
Imitate free drawing Imitation of the drawing done by the online therapist/parent (lev.4) FM 4 38 [0–118]
Imitate step by step drawing Imitation of a drawing created step by step from the online therapist/parent (three difficulties) (lev.4) FM 4 14.2 [0–43]
Imitate speech Imitation of words or phrases from the library (three difficulties) (lev.2) IM 3, 9 22.5 [0–58]
Imitate sounds Imitation of sounds chosen from the library (four difficulties and two categories of stimuli) (lev.2) IM 2 29.5 [0–100]
Imitate actions Imitation of the actions with balls made by the online therapist/parent (three difficulties and two types of task) (lev.2) IM 6 16 [0–35]
Imitate actions and build Imitation of the actions with cubes made by the online therapist/parent (three difficulties and two types of task) (lev.3) FM 3 10.7 [0–28]
Guess the instrument Identification of the musical instruments played and chosen by the therapist/parent from the library (two difficulties) (lev.1, 2) IM 9.2 [0–22]
Joint attention games
Follow the therapist’s pointing Identification of the object indicated (verbally, visually or pointed) by the therapist on the video and chosen from the library (six difficulties and eight categories of stimuli) (lev.1) RC 1, 4 (lev.2) JA 2, 4, 6 32 [0–109]
Cooperative drawing—connect dots The therapist and the child cooperate to complete a figure shown on the right, by clicking on the corners of the figure itself (two difficulties and four categories of stimuli) JA 48.6 [1–124]
Bake a recipe The child cooks a recipe by clicking and dragging into a bowl the ingredients chosen by the therapist/parent from the library of recipes (11 categories of stimuli) JA 13 [1–16]
Receptive communication The child identifies the objects described by the therapist/parent and chosen from the library (three difficulties and five categories of stimuli) (lev.2) RC 5, (lev.1) RC 6, (lev.1) RC 4 53.4 [4–112]
  1. FM fine motor subset, IM imitation subset, RC receptive communication subset, JA joint attention subset