Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Clinical variables of the participants and Parental Stress Index at baseline and 6-month outcome

From: GOLIAH (Gaming Open Library for Intervention in Autism at Home): a 6-month single blind matched controlled exploratory study

  T0 = Baseline T6 = Outcome at 6 months
Experimental group (N = 14) Control group (N = 10) Experimental group (N = 14) Control group (N = 10)
ADOS, mean (±SD)
  Communication score 3.6 (±1.7) 4.5 (±1.5) 2.9 (±2.1) 3.7 (±1.6)
  Interaction score 7.2 (±2.4) 9.3 (±2.6) 6.3 (±2.8) 7.3 (±2.9)
  Total score 10.8 (±3.6) 13.8 (±3.5) 9.2 (±4.6) 11 (±4.1)
Cognition WISC3/WPPSI
  VIQ 103.1 (±14) 100.8 (±25.9) 107.2 (±22.8) 102.4 (±26.6)
  PIQ 96.1 (±24.8) 96.4 (±24.5) 104.4 (±19.9) 98.1 (±24.5)
  Speed 93.5 (±12.6) 90.6 (±16.2) 97.4 (±15.3) 90.7 (±21.9)
  Working memory 107.6 (±21.5) 97.8 (±28.2) 107.4 (±23.6) 99.2 (±27.6)
  Total IQ 98.8 (±20.1) 96.3 (±22.7) 107 (±20.8) 98.9 (±25.8)
Vineland, mean (±SD)
  Communication score 88.2 (±16.7) 86.2 (±13.9) 79.6 (±11.5) 82.8 (±6.5)
  Daily living 84.3 (±13.4) 85.4 (±14.7) 79.4 (±5.5) 83.6 (±10.8)
  Socialization 79.5 (±10.3) 80.1 (±11.9) 78.3 (±10.7) 85.3 (±8.4)
SCQ, mean (±SD)
 Total score 11.6 (±7.7) 11.5 (±7.2) 10 (±6.3) 8.6 (±7)
CBCL T score, mean (±SD)
  Withdrawn/depressed 62.8 (±9.9) 62.9 (±9.5) 60.9 (±8.6) 60.6 (±9)
  Somatic complaints 56 (±7.7) 59.5 (±7.5) 54.7 (±7.6) 57.5 (±8.3)
  Anxious/depressed 62.8 (±8.1) 61.2 (±9.3) 60.5 (±7.6) 58.6 (±10.5)
  Social problems 68.5 (±6.5) 66.7 (±7.4) 63.8 (±7.3) 60.8 (±8.2)
  Thought problems 61.1 (±10.8) 66.7 (±8.4) 59.8 (±10.8) 61.2 (±9.5)
  Attention problems 65.1 (±9.1) 67.4 (±9.1) 63.6 (±9.7) 61.1 (±9.7)
  Rule-breaking behavior 58.6 (±7.4) 58.1 (±6.1) 56.5 (±6.3) 57.4 (±6.2)
  Aggressive behavior 60.4 (±6.5) 64.4 (±9.2) 57.8 (±6) 61 (±8.5)
  Internalizing 62.5 (±9) 63 (±8) 60.2 (±9.5) 59 (±10.3)
  Externalizing 59.1 (±8.1) 61.7 (±7.1) 57.7 (±7.7) 55.9 (±11.8)
  Total 63.9 (±8.4) 66.5 (±7.3) 61.2 (±8.3) 60.5 (±11.3)
PSI, mean (±SD)
  Parental distress 31.6 (±6.9) 32.9 (±8.2) 28.3 (±9.4) 27.6 (±6.5)
  Dysfunctional interaction 31.5 (±5.7) 37.3 (±6.4) 26.8 (±8.8) 28.3 (±7.4)
  Difficult child 37.2 (±7.3) 39.2 (±7.2) 29.4 (±7.3) 30.3 (±8.2)
  Total stress 100.7 (±15) 105.8 (±13.6) 85.5 (±22.6) 86.2 (±20)
  1. ADOS Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, WISC 3 Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children 3, WPPSI Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence, VIQ Verbal Intelligent Quotient, PIQ Performance Intelligent Quotient, CBCL Child Behaviour Checklist, PSI Parental Stress Index