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Table 3 Population attributable fractions for self-harm hospitalisation according to indicators of adolescent mental and physical health in the study population

From: Adolescent health and subsequent risk of self-harm hospitalisation: a 15-year follow-up of the Young-HUNT cohort

  No. SHa PAF %b (95% CI)
Anxiety/depression (SCL-5)
 Caseness symptoms anxiety/depression 26 22.4 (18.1–26.6)
(SCL-5 single items)
 Felt constantly afraid and anxious 11 10.1 (8.1–12.1)
 Felt tense or uneasy 19 18.3 (15.7–20.8)
 Felt hopelessness when thinking of the future 19 13.7 (8.8–18.3)
 Felt dejected or sad 17 12.2 (7.5–16.6)
 Worried too much about various things 22 15.6 (10.1–20.9)
Loneliness
 Very often/often 16 13.3 (10.1–16.4)
Bullied at school
 Very often/often 5 4.4 (2.6–6.1)
Epilepsy
 Yes 3 2.9 (1.8–4.0)
Migraine
 Yes 7 5.1 (2.1–8.0)
Stomach pain
 Sometimes/often 33 22.8 (13.9–30.8)
Headache
 Sometimes/often 52 34.6 (19.2–47.0)
  1. SH self-harm, SCL-5 Hopkins Symptom Checklist, 5-item version
  2. aTotal number of self-harm patients vary due to complete case analyses with varying number of missing observations
  3. bAdjusted for age (as time axis), gender, cohabitation situation and socioeconomic status/parental education level at baseline