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Table 3 Stepwise multinomial logistic regression of trajectory groups on demographics, baseline behavioral and emotional problems, perceived family function and social adjustments

From: One-year trajectory analysis for ADHD symptoms and its associated factors in community-based children and adolescents in Taiwan

Variablesb IA group HI group OD group
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Intermediate vs. low High vs. low Intermediate vs. low High vs. low Intermediate vs. low High vs. low
Gender
 Male vs. female 0.55 (0.41–0.75)*** 1.93 (1.21–3.08)*** 1.25 (0.94–1.66) 4.04 (1.95–8.38)*** a a
Grade (Ref = grade 3)
 Grade 5 1.52 (0.94–2.46) 1.16 (0.62–2.16) 0.54 (0.34–0.85)*** 0.32 (0.14–0.70)*** 0.80 (0.51–1.25) 0.67 (0.32–1.43)
 Grade 8 2.73 (1.79–4.17)*** 0.80 (0.46–1.41) 0.18 (0.12–0.27)*** 0.02 (0.01–0.05)*** 0.36 (0.25–0.54)*** 0.13 (0.06–0.26)***
SDQ
 Conduct problems 0.96 (0.81–1.13) 1.31 (1.09–1.58)** a a 1.07 (0.92–1.25) 1.78 (1.41–2.23)***
 Hyperactivity 0.88 (0.77–0.99)* 1.15 (0.99–1.35) 1.36 (1.20–1.53)*** 2.58 (2.03–3.26)*** a a
 Emotional symptoms 0.87 (0.79–0.97)* 1.10 (0.98–1.23) a a 1.10 (1.01–1.20)*** 1.20 (1.04–1.39)*
 Peer problems a a 0.86 (0.76–0.96)*** 1.22 (0.96–1.55) a a
 Prosocial 1.20 (1.11–1.31)*** 0.87 (0.78–0.97)* 0.89 (0.83–0.96)** 0.68 (0.58–0.81)*** 0.78 (0.72–0.84)*** 0.67 (0.59–0.77)***
 Family APGAR 1.09 (1.03–1.15)*** 0.93 (0.86–1.00)* a a a a
SAICA
 School function 0.72 (0.67–0.79)*** 1.23 (1.16–1.30)*** 1.29 (1.22–1.36)*** 1.55 (1.42–1.68)*** 1.18 (1.11–1.24)*** 1.32 (1.22–1.42)***
 Home behaviors a a a a 1.04 (1.01–1.07)** 1.13 (1.08–1.18)***
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, IA inattention, HI hyperactivity–impulsivity, OD oppositional-defiance, SDQ Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, Family APGAR family adaptation, partnership, growth, affection, and resolve, SAICA social adjustment instrument for children and adolescents
  2. a Non-significant variable
  3. bOnly first wave data of were used in the analysis
  4. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001