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Table 3 Bivariate and multivariable comparisons of psychiatric diagnoses on K-SADS-PL between Almajiris and public school pupils

From: A comparative study of the prevalence and correlates of psychiatric disorders in Almajiris and public primary school pupils in Zaria, Northwest Nigeria

K-SADS-PL diagnosis Crosstabs Univariate logistic regression Multiple logistic regression
% with diagnosis p** Crude OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR*** (95% CI)
Any condition
 Almajiris 123 (57.7) <0.001 2.33 (1.573.46) 3.11 (1.795.41)
 Public school pupils 73 (37)    
Depression
 Almajiris 49 (23.0) <0.001 3.40 (1.866.21) 2.93 (1.276.76)
 Public school pupils 16 (8.1)    
Mania
 Almajiris 1 (0.5) 0.611*   
 Public school pupils 2 (1.0)    
Psychosis
 Almajiris 5 (1.2) 0.062*   
 Public school pupils 0 (0.0)    
Panic attacks
 Almajiris 1 (0.5) 0.201*   
 Public school pupils 4 (2.0)    
Separation anxiety
 Almajiris 3 (1.4) <0.001 0.09 (0.030.29) 0.14 (0.030.64)
 Public school pupils 28 (14.0)    
Social phobia
 Almajiris 2 (0.9) 0.269*   
 Public school pupils 5 (2.5)    
Agoraphobia
 Almajiris 1 (0.5) 0.059*   
 Public school pupils 6 (3.0)    
GAD
 Almajiris 34 (16.0) 0.015 2.16 (1.154.05) 1.92 (0.794.70)
 Public school pupils 16 (8.1)    
OCD
 Almajiris 0 (0.0) 0.025*   
 Public school pupils 5 (2.5)    
Enuresis
 Almajiris 43 (20.2) 0.012 2.02 (1.163.53) 3.42 (1.597.36)
 Public school pupils 22 (11.1)    
Encopresis
 Almajiris 0 (0.0) 0.482*   
 Public school pupils 1 (0.5)    
ADHD
 Almajiris 1 (0.5) 0.059*   
 Public school pupils 6 (3.0)    
ODD
 Almajiris 3 (1.5) 1.000*   
 Public school pupils 3 (1.4)    
Conduct disorder
 Almajiris 1 (0.5) 1.000*   
 Public school pupils 1 (0.5)    
Tic disorders
 Almajiris 0 (0.0) 0.482*   
 Public school pupils 1 (0.5)    
Substance use
 Almajiris 12 (5.6) 0.010 5.85 (1.2926.48) 10.05 (1.2084.06)
 Public school pupils 2 (1.0)    
PTSD
 Almajiris 21 (9.9) 0.021 2.60 (1.126.01) 6.20 (1.9020.19)
 Public school pupils 8 (4.0)    
  1. Figures in italics indicate significant values
  2. * Based on Fisher’s Exact tests
  3. ** Based on Chi square tests; 213 Almajiris and 198 public school pupils included in the cross-tabulations
  4. *** Adjusted for age, family type, education of father, educational level of mother, number of mother’s children, number of father’s children, number of mother’