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Table 1 Sociodemographic data and maltreatment-related information

From: Dysfunctional maltreatment-related cognitions in children and adolescents

Variable Subgroup Total sample N = 231
n %
Gender Male 133 57.6
  Female 98 42.4
Age Children (8–12) 149 64.5
(M = 12.0, SD = 2.5) Adolescents (13–17) 82 35.5
School Elementary school 63 27.3
  Middle and high school 106 45.9
  School for children with learning difficulties 46 19.9
  Not determineda 16 6.9
Household incomes per month Under 500 € 7 3.0
500 €–under 1000 € 26 11.3
1000 €–under 2000 € 65 28.1
2000 €–under 3000 € 40 17.3
3000 €–under 4000 € 25 10.8
  4000 €–under 5000 € 20 8.7
  5000 € and more 11 4.8
  Not determineda 37 16.0
Occupation mother Not employed (e.g. pensioner, student etc.) 65 28.1
  Unemployed, seeking work 35 15.2
  Temporary leave of absence e.g. parental leave 8 3.5
  Part-time job or employed on hourly basis 68 29.4
  Full-time job 34 14.7
  Apprentice 1 .4
  Not determineda 20 8.7
Occupation father Not employed (e.g. pensioner, student etc.) 29 12.6
  Unemployed, seeking work 22 9.5
  Temporary leave of absence e.g. parental leave 0 .0
  Part-time job or employed on hourly basis 16 6.9
  Full-time job 112 48.5
  Apprentice 3 1.3
  Not determineda 49 21.2
Index-event Domestic violence 57 24.7
  Emotional abuse 23 10.0
  Neglect 30 13.0
  Physical abuse 65 28.1
  Sexual abuse 56 24.2
Maltreatment type (Note. Take multi-type maltreatment in account) Domestic violence 158 68.4
Emotional abuse 124 53.7
Neglect 131 56.7
  Physical abuse 175 75.8
  Sexual abuse 89 38.5
Co-occurrence of maltreatment types Single-type maltreatment 32 13.9
Two types 58 25.1
Three types 59 25.5
Four types 58 25.1
Five types 24 10.4
Out-of-home-care Yes 78 33.8
  No 153 66.2
Migration backgroundb Yes 75 32.5
No 128 55.4
  Not determineda 28 12.1
  1. a“Not determined” means that these participants could not be reliably classified in any category due to insufficient information
  2. bMigration background was defined as non-German nationality or non-German place of birth of the child or at least of one parent