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Table 2 Cross tabulation—fathers education level, mothers education level, monthly family income level and associations with the ability to recognise mental health problems

From: Mental health literacy in adolescents: ability to recognise problems, helpful interventions and outcomes

  Depression Social phobia Psychosis Diabetes
Yes  % Not identified % Yes  % Not identified % Yes  % Not identified % Yes  % Not identified %
Income
 <Rs 20,000 19.4 21.3 20.1 20.5 34.3 6.4 33.0 7.6
 Rs 20,000 and above 24.5 34.3 26.9 32.5 47.0 12.4 45.2 14.1
 Total 43.9 55.6 47.0 53.0 81.3 18.8 78.2 21.7
 Chi square value 8.271 9.17 17.29 2.65
 df 1 1 1 1
 P value 0.004 0.002 <0.001 0.103
Fathers highest education level
 Passed GCE O/L’s or below 21.2 26.4 22.7 24.9 38.5 9.1 38.0 9.6
 Above O/L’s to University 22.6 29.8 23.7 28.6 43.1 9.3 40.6 11.8
 Total 43.8 56.2 46.4 53.5 81.6 18.4 78.6 21.4
 Chi square value 11.8 0.695 8.812 2.7
 df 1 1 1 1
 P value <0.001 0.40 0.003 0.1
Mothers highest education level
 Passed GCE O/L’s or below 20.4 27.6 20.8 27.2 39.2 8.8 37.3 10.7
 Above O/L’s to University 24.0 28.0 25.8 26.2 42.5 9.5 41.2 10.8
 Total 44.4 55.6 46.6 53.4 81.7 18.3 78.5 21.5
 Chi square value 3.29 3.29 0.89 11.214
 df 1 1 1 1
 P value 0.07 0.07 0.345 <0.001
Overall 46.4 53.6 48.3 51.7 72.9 27.1 79.6 20.4
  1. One Sri Lankan rupee is equivalent to around 0.007 U.S D
  2. GCE O/L’s Government Certificate Examination Ordinary level. This is a standardised exam held after 10 years of schooling, GCE A/L’s Government certificate Examination Advanced level. This standardised examination is held after a further 2 ½ years and is the entrance exam for university education, df degrees of freedom