Skip to main content

Table 1 Descriptive statistics (n = 862)

From: Low mood in a sample of 5–12 year-old child psychiatric patients: a cross-sectional study

   Diagnosis, n (%)  
Age in years, mean (SD) 9.1 (2.0) ODD/CD 224 (26.0)
 Range 5–12 Hyperkinetic disorder 152 (17.6)
 Interquartile range 4 Other emotional diagnoses 136 (15.8)
 Preschool age, n (%) 105 (12.2) Anxiety disorder 114 (13.2)
 School age, n (%) 757 (87.8) Depression 99 (11.5)
Girls, n (%) 313 (36.3) Learning disability 70 (8.1)
Boys, n (%) 549 (63.7) Post-traumatic disorder 61 (7.1)
   Autism spectrum disorder 57 (6.6)
CGAS on arrival (n = 849)   Somatic diagnosis 31 (3.6)
 Mean (SD) 53.2 (8.1) Obsessive compulsive disorder 23 (2.7)
 Median 52.0 Eating disorder 23 (2.7)
 Range 21–92 Sleeping problem diagnosis 21 (2.4)
 Interquartile range 12 Other diagnosis 115 (13.3)
The proportions of SDQ scores Normal, n (%) Borderline, n (%) Abnormal, n (%)
Total difficulties score 306 (35.5) 138 (16.0) 418 (48.5)
Emotional problems score 380 (44.1) 113 (13.1) 369 (42.8)
Conduct problems score 300 (34.8) 137 (15.9) 425 (49.3)
Hyperactivity score 471 (54.6) 75 (8.7) 316 (36.7)
Peer problems score 362 (42.0) 145 (16.8) 355 (41.2)
Prosocial score 547 (63.5) 130 (15.1) 185 (21.5)
The proportions of scores on emotional problems subscale Not true, n (%) Somewhat true, n (%) Certainly true, n (%)
Often complains of headaches, stomach-aches or sickness 364 (42.2) 317 (36.8) 174 (20.2)
Many worries, often seems worried 282 (32.7) 376 (43.6) 202 (23.4)
Often unhappy, down-hearted or tearful 350 (40.6) 364 (42.2) 148 (17.2)
Nervous or clingy in new situations, easily loses confidence 310 (36.0) 327 (37.9) 221 (25.6)
Many fears, easily scared 377 (43.7) 330 (38.3) 153 (17.7)
  1. SD standard deviation, CGAS the Children’s Global Assessment Scale, ODD oppositional defiant disorder, CD conduct disorder, SDQ the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire