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Table 2 Card sort results (n = 72)

From: Elucidating adolescent aspirational models for the design of public mental health interventions: a mixed-method study in rural Nepal

  Ranka Mean SD Gender Ethnicity
F p value F p value
Qualities of ideal person (1–8)       
Educated 1 6.80 1.80 .61 .43 .64 .59
Socially acceptable behavior 2 5.46 1.50 .50 .48 4.25 .008**
Positive thinking 3 4.65 2.30 1.15 .29 .21 .89
Helping others 4 4.49 2.44 .84 .36 .84 .48
Keeping family happy 5 4.13 2.48 .11 .74 1.36 .26
Self-satisfaction 6 3.92 2.19 .01 1.00 .39 .76
Physically healthy/good looking 7 2.87 2.72 2.34 .13 3.99 .01*
Religious 8 2.73 2.45 .29 .59 .51 .68
Life goals (1–8)       
Better education 1 7.42 1.13 .68 .41 7.49 .001**
Getting a job 2 6.17 1.24 3.10 .08 3.81 .01*
Following your dreams 3 5.65 1.76 2.83 .09 .55 .65
Earning money 4 5.07 1.57 .44 .50 1.30 .28
Business 5 3.77 2.09 .01 .92 1.75 .16
Migration 6 3.48 1.91 .06 .43 .72 .55
Continue family tradition 7 3.48 1.50 4.14 .05* 1.17 .33
Marriage 8 2.73 1.53 .41 .52 1.17 .33
Barriers (1–7)       
Finance 1 5.46 1.88 2.50 .12 1.28 .29
Low self-esteem 2 4.59 1.91 .13 .72 .75 .52
Skills 3 4.57 1.94 .09 .75 1.46 .23
Lack of opportunity 4 4.18 1.48 1.85 .18 .53 .66
Trust 5 3.68 2.04 .31 .58 .81 .49
Different life goals with parents 6 3.51 1.92 .38 .54 .89 .45
Religious/cultural barriers 7 3.18 2.01 1.16 .29 2.40 .07
Frequency of emotions (1–7)       
Tension 1 6.00 2.34 5.27 .03* 1.98 .12
Sadness 2 4.49 2.23 2.01 .10 .33 .80
Embarrassment 3 4.25 2.77 .16 .68 .75 .52
Anger 4 4.01 2.74 .01 .89 1.31 .28
Inferiority 5 3.71 2.31 1.62 .21 1.32 .27
Fear 6 3.70 2.72 .85 .36 .19 .89
Self-guilt 7 3.36 2.72 .02 .87 .19 .90
Coping mechanism (1–9)       
Sharing 1 6.08 2.17 .10 .70 2.84 .04*
Self-consoling 2 6.08 2.01 .21 .06 .42 .74
Thinking continuously 3 4.37 2.38 .03 .60 .55 .65
Staying alone 4 4.31 2.36 1.96 .16 4.73 .005**
Crying 5 3.85 2.49 .003 .96 .91 .44
Venting 6 3.77 1.96 3.99 .05 .82 .49
Acceptance 7 3.65 2.45 4.56 .04* 1.17 .32
Alcohol 8 1.58 2.16 .03 .85 1.43 .26
Suicidal thoughts 9 1.09 1.84 .17 .68 1.93 .15
Causes of violence (1–9)       
Bad habits 1 6.75 2.33 1.25 .27 .12 .94
Alcohol 2 6.26 2.65 1.26 .26 1.35 .26
Financial issues 3 6.10 2.29 .66 .42 1.76 .16
Less coping/tolerance 4 5.52 2.63 .56 .46 3.49 .02*
Inequality 5 4.89 2.22 1.14 .29 .86 .46
Misunderstanding 6 4.86 2.22 .39 .53 .46 .71
Culture/traditional reasons 7 4.73 2.19 .09 .76 .37 .77
Not obeying parents 8 4.47 2.15 1.40 .24 .62 .60
Unhealthy competition 9 3.70 2.64 1.88 .17 .54 .65
Reasons for alcohol use (1–7)       
Tension 1 6.29 2.04 8.07 .006** .29 .83
Friend circle 2 5.93 2.16 .07 .79 .98 .40
Family environment 3 4.34 2.78 .09 .77 .84 .47
To have fun 4 4.29 2.42 2.30 .13 .96 .42
To relax 5 3.74 2.17 .07 .79 .75 .52
Tradition 6 3.64 2.82 .84 .36 1.11 .35
Cultural traditions 7 3.08 2.52 .31 .58 .99 .40
Causes of suicide (1–9)       
Domestic violence 1 5.65 2.33 .30 .58 .41 .74
Love tragedies (romantic break-up) 2 5.60 2.49 .18 .67 .50 .68
Exam pressure 3 4.94 2.37 2.26 .14 1.22 .31
Alcohol problems 4 4.62 2.62 .16 .69 .57 .64
Financial issues 5 4.57 2.61 .16 .69 1.42 .25
Relationship issues (other than romantic relationships) 6 4.47 2.07 .20 .65 .69 .56
Social status 7 3.18 2.33 .01 .96 .17 .92
Interpersonal conflict 8 2.71 2.13 .29 .59 .77 .51
Lack of social support 9 2.65 2.48 .98 .33 1.24 .30
  1. aLower numbers refer to higher ranking for importance or frequency (e.g., a ‘1’ for qualities of ideal person refers to the highest ranked quality; a ‘1’ for frequency of emotion refers to the most commonly experienced distressing emotion)
  2. * p value: < .05, ** p < .001