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Table 5 Results of ANOVA comparisons among classes on current self-reported psychological functioning and delinquent behaviour (N = 390)

From: Child Protection Service interference in childhood and the relation with mental health problems and delinquency in young adulthood: a latent class analysis study

Class 1 (N = 175) 2 (N = 120) 3 (N = 57) 4 (N = 38) F p
M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD)
Psychological functioninga
 Total psychological problems 61.4 (26.0) 61.5 (25.8) 59.8 (28.2) 71.1 (22.8) 1.71 0.164
 Anxious/depressed 69.2 (18) 66.3 (16) 69.4 (18) 75.8 (18) 2.88b 0.035**
 Withdrawn 79.0 (17.2) 78.1 (16.8) 73.2 (18.7) 80.8 (16.6) 1.97 0.118
 Somatic complaints 68.1 (16.4) 67.8 (16.1) 69.2 (17.4) 72.6 (16.7) 0.90 0.439
 Intrusive 55.7 (1) 59.3 (1) 55.7 (1) 57.8 (2) 2.55c 0.056*
 Rule-breaking behaviour 78.6 (16.8) 79.9 (16.8) 78.4 (16.2) 82.6 (17.6) 0.71 0.549
 Aggressive behaviour 67.7 (16.1) 67.2 (15.5) 68.5 (17) 74.2 (16.9) 1.97 0.118
 Attention problems 73.4 (14.3) 74 (14.5) 72.3 (14.5) 77.7 (14.7) 1.18 0.317
 Thought problems 74.3 (17.5) 73.2 (16.3) 72.1 (17.3) 79.2 (16.5) 1.52 0.208
 Substance used 78.0 (18) 81 (19) 73.9 (19) 83.9 (18) 3.04e 0.029**
Class 1 (N = 74) 2 (N = 59) 3 (N = 25) 4 (N = 21) F p
M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD)
Delinquency previous 6 months
 Total delinquency 3.5 (8.1) 7.1 (11.5) 6.0 (13.2) 2.2 (5.3) 2.1 0.101
 Destruction/public order offence 0.09 (0.3) 0.14 (0.4) 0.00 (0) 0.19 (0.4) 1.89 0.133
 Property offence 0.22 (0.4) 0.37 (0.5) 0.27 (0.5) 0.18 (0.4) 1.72 0.165
 Aggression/violent offence 0.20 (0.4) 0.27 (0.4) 0.15 (0.4) 0.23 (0.4) 0.61 0.609
 Drug offence 0.57 (0.5) 0.65 (0.5) 0.54 (0.5) 0.61 (0.5) 1.35 0.261
  1. aNormal functioning (score < 84), borderline range (score 84-90), clinical range (above 90) [78]
  2. bSignificant difference between early CPS/family investigation group and early CPS/multiple investigation group
  3. cSignificant difference between early CPS/multiple investigation group and late CPS/penal investigation group
  4. dClass 1; N = 174
  5. eSignificant difference between early CPS/family investigation group and late CPS interference without investigation group
  6. p < 0.10, ** p < 0.05, *** p < 0.01