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Table 7 Lifetime-prevalence of schoolchildren’s exposure to violent behaviors by form of violence experienced and by child’s sex, per country

From: Lifetime and past-year prevalence of children’s exposure to violence in 9 Balkan countries: the BECAN study

Country Sex Form of children’s exposure (scales of the ICAST-CR.)
Psychological violence Physical violence Sexual violence Contact sexual violence Feeling of neglect Positive and non violent parenting
% (n) 95% C.I. % (n) 95% C.I. % (n) 95% C.I. % (n) 95% C.I. % (n) 95% C.I. % (n) 95% C.I.
Albania Female 70.09 (1263) 67.97–72.20 60.65 (1093) 58.40–62.91 8.22 (148) 6.95–9.49 2.06 (37) 1.40–2.72 30.74* (553) 28.61–32.87 95.23 (1716) 94.24–96.21
  Male 66.93 (1018) 64.57–69.29 58.16 (884) 55.68–60.64 14.50* (220) 12.73–16.27 8.11 (123) 6.74–9.49 19.79 (300) 17.78–21.79 93.95 (1428) 92.75–95.15
B & H Female 73.36 (1027) 71.04–75.67 67.43 (944) 64.97–69.88 17.93 (251) 15.92–19.94 7.65 (107) 6.26–9.04 47.50* (665) 44.88–50.12 96.57 (1352) 95.62–97.52
  Male 71.67 (878) 69.15–74.20 68.25 (834) 65.64–70.86 19.47 (237) 17.25–21.70 12.25 (149) 10.41–14.10 30.79 (375) 28.20–33.38 95.42 (1167) 94.25–96.59
Bulgaria Female 68.83 (722) 66.02–71.63 59.87 (628) 56.90–62.83 7.91 (83) 6.28–9.55 4.29 (45) 3.06–5.52 25.93 (272) 23.28–28.58 92.56 (971) 90.98–94.15
  Male 70.23 (696) 67.39–73.08 64.58 (641) 61.71–67.66 9.28 (92) 7.48–11.09 5.55 (55) 4.12–6.98 21.29 (211) 18.74–23.84 91.83 (910) 90.12–93.53
Croatia Female 73.54 (1370) 71.53–75.54 66.38 (1236) 64.23–68.53 11.96 (222) 10.48–13.44 5.18 (96) 4.17–6.18 40.56* (754) 38.33–42.79 97.91 (1823) 97.26–98.56
  Male 72.53 (1291) 70.45–74.60 67.10 (1189) 64.91–69.29 8.31 (147) 7.03–9.60 3.80 (67) 2.90–4.69 29.77 (527) 27.64–31.90 96.51 (1726) 95.66–97.37
FYROM Female 63.70 (4590) 61.21–66.18 49.03 (4236) 46.44–51.61 6.01 (907) 4.78–7.24 2.47 (423) 1.66–3.28 30.96* (2343) 28.57–33.36 83.66 (5394) 81.75–85.57
  Male 65.68 (4101) 62.93–68.43 52.71 (3726) 49.82–55.60 9.64* (738) 7.91–11.37 5.50 (364) 4.16–6.84 23.07 (1528) 20.62–25.52 84.13 (4864) 82.02–86.25
Greece Female 83.76 (916) 82.78–84.74 77.37 (704) 76.26–78.48 16.62 (86) 15.63–17.61 7.76 (35) 7.05–8.47 42.83* (444) 41.52–44.14 98.43 (1203) 98.10–98.76
  Male 82.50 (754) 81.44–83.55 75.27 (603) 74.07–76.47 15.02 (108) 14.03–16.02 7.42 (61) 6.68–8.15 30.96 (263) 29.67–32.25 97.91 (965) 97.51–98.30
Romania Female 76.91 (2542) 75.48–78.35 65.57 (2163) 63.94–67.19 7.90 (260) 6.98–8.82 3.01 (99) 2.43–3.60 26.56* (876) 25.05–28.07 96.43 (3187) 95.80–97.06
  Male 76.51 (2003) 74.88–78.18 68.79 (1794) 67.01–70.57 7.91 (205) 6.87–8.95 4.26 (110) 3.48–5.04 17.57 (456) 16.10–19.03 95.37 (2949) 94.57–96.18
Serbia Female 71.31 (1397) 69.31–73.31 68.57 (1342) 66.52–70.63 7.53 (147) 6.36–8.70 3.79 (74) 2.95–4.64 34.56* (676) 32.45–36.67 97.96 (1919) 97.33–98.58
  Male 65.72 (1359) 63.67–67.76 69.76 (1437) 67.77–71.74 9.39 (193) 8.13–10.65 5.95 (122) 4.92–6.97 23.38 (481) 21.55–25.21 96.76 (1998) 95.99–97.52
Turkey Female 70.89 (2625) 69.43–72.35 56.12 (2077) 54.52–57.72 N/Aa   N/Aa   48.12* (1780) 46.51–49.73 94.65 (3502) 93.92–95.37
  Male 70.28 (2686) 68.83–71.73 60.58* (2307) 59.03–62.14 N/Aa   N/Aa   37.25 (1414) 35.71–38.79 93.19 (3558) 92.39–93.99
  1. aNot available
  2. * Significant at p < 0.05