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Table 2 Summary of results by SDQ version (SDQ-S, SDQ-P and SDQ-T) used

From: The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) in Africa: a scoping review of its application and validation

  SDQ self-report SDQ parent report SDQ teacher report
Total number of papers identified 35a 18a 10a
Location South Africa (n = 9)
Ghana (n = 6)
Uganda (n = 5)
Nigeria (n = 5)
Tanzania (n = 3)
Zambia (n = 3)
Kenya (n = 2)
Angola (n = 1)
Ethiopia (n = 1)
South Africa (n = 9)
Uganda (n = 2)
Egypt (n = 1)
Ethiopia (n = 1)
Ghana (n = 1)
Kenya (n = 1)
Malawi (n = 1)
Tanzania (n = 1)
Zambia (n = 1)
South Africa (n = 5)
Nigeria (n = 2)
Congo (n = 2)
Egypt (n = 1)
Translation process
 Translated and back-translated 15 5 1
 Translation guide used 4 3 3
 No mention of process 8 7 4
 Not applicable 4 0 2
Common themes HIV/AIDS and orphans (n = 12) HIV/AIDS and orphans (n = 10) Orphans and emotional and behavioural problems (n = 6)
Psychometric properties
 Included in study 14 9 6
 No mention in study 16 6 4
 Cronbach alpha score ranges 0.18–0.80 0.24–0.73 0.35–0.89
  1. aNumber includes multi-country and triangulated studies (which might inflate number of studies)
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