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Table 4 Association between the school performance indicators and school sociodemographic variables in high school students

From: Association between attempted suicide and academic performance indicators among middle and high school students in Mexico: results from a national survey

  Two years older than expected for grade level Studying last year Perceived academic performance Number of failed courses
  (a) No (a) Yes (a) Very good (a) None
  (b) Yes (b) No (b) Good (b) 1
        (c) Fair or poor (c) 2
           (d) 3 or more
  (n = 13,423) (n = 13,219) (n = 13,279) (n = 12,970)
aOR 95% CI Sig. aOR 95% CI Sig. aOR 95% CI Sig. aOR 95% CI Sig.
Academic performance variable
 (a) 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
 (b) 1.31 (0.64–2.67)   0.84 (0.49–1.44)   1.65 (1.08–2.52) * 1.36 (0.93–2.00)  
 (c)    1.96 (1.25–3.06) ** 1.78 (1.10–2.86) *
 (d)     1.40 (0.90–2.18)  
Sex
 Male 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Female 4.86 (3.59–6.58) *** 4.80 (3.54–6.49) *** 5.01 (3.67–6.84) *** 5.25 (3.84–7.19) ***
 Age (continuous) 1.04 (0.87–1.24)   1.09 (0.96–1.23)   1.08 (0.97–1.21)   1.08 (0.96–1.21)  
Speaks an indigenous language
 No 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Yes 0.51 (0.24–1.06)   0.52 (0.25–1.09)   0.52 (0.25–1.07)   0.54 (0.26–1.12)  
Family constellation
 Both parents 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Both parents (one surrogate) 1.99 (1.25–3.15) ** 2.00 (1.26–3.18) ** 1.98 (1.24–3.15) ** 1.97 (1.23–3.16) **
 Mother (or surrogate) 1.82 (1.36–2.44) *** 1.84 (1.38–2.47) *** 1.81 (1.35–2.42) *** 1.87 (1.40–2.49) ***
 Father (or surrogate) 1.39 (0.61–3.16)   1.44 (0.63–3.28)   1.36 (0.59–3.11)   1.37 (0.59–3.22)  
 Other 1.52 (0.92–2.51)   1.47 (0.88–2.48)   1.49 (0.90–2.46)   1.51 (0.89–2.54)  
Father’s (or surrogate´s) education level
 Elementary or no education 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Middle school 1.30 (0.97–1.76)   1.32 (0.97–1.78)   1.30 (0.96–1.77)   1.34 (1.00–1.80)  
 High school 0.94 (0.65–1.36)   0.93 (0.64–1.35)   0.96 (0.66–1.39)   0.98 (0.67–1.41)  
 University/college 0.82 (0.53–1.29)   0.82 (0.53–1.28)   0.85 (0.54–1.32)   0.86 (0.55–1.35)  
 Postgraduate studies 0.99 (0.63–1.56)   0.98 (0.62–1.55)   1.01 (0.63–1.62)   1.01 (0.64–1.60)  
 Other 0.97 (0.54–1.75)   0.92 (0.51–1.67)   1.00 (0.56–1.80)   0.90 (0.49–1.63)  
School yeara
 First year (10th) 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Second year (11th) 0.75 (0.53–1.05)   0.69 (0.50–0.95) * 0.71 (0.52–0.96) * 0.70 (0.51–0.95) *
 Third year (12th) 0.74 (0.47–1.18)   0.66 (0.44–1.00)   0.69 (0.47–1.01)   0.63 (0.42–0.95) *
  1. aOR Adjusted Odds Ratio, 95% CI 95% Confidence Interval
  2. * p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01; *** p < 0.001
  3. a10th, 11th and 12th for the three grades of high school in México