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Table 1 The social-demographic characteristics, SDQ and SITBs of migrant compared to urban children

From: Mental health status, and suicidal thoughts and behaviors of migrant children in eastern coastal China in comparison to urban children: a cross-sectional survey

  Migrant children n = 1858 N (%) Urban children n = 2359 N (%) χ2 or t p value
Gender
 Male 966 (55.90) 1100 (49.04) 18.41 < 0.001
 Female 762 (44.10) 1143 (50.96)   
Age, mean (SD) 13.67 (1.52) 13.92 (1.30) 34.23 < 0.001
Family economic status 1031.00 < 0.001
 Poor 566 (31.03) 53 (2.26)   
 Fair 821 (45.01) 711 (30.35)   
 Wealthy 437 (23.96) 1579 (67.39)   
Parents’ education level 576.80 < 0.001
 Illiteracy or primary school 319 (17.68) 89 (3.90)   
 Middle school 1100 (60.98) 975 (42.71)   
 High school 329 (18.24) 754 (33.03)   
 College or above 56 (3.10) 465 (20.37)   
Are your parents divorced? 9.24 0.003
 Yes 79 (4.29) 151 (6.45)   
 No 1761 (95.71) 2189 (93.55)   
Total difficulties, mean (SD) 12.28 (5.19) 11.12 (5.56) 47.84 < 0.001
Emotional symptoms, mean (SD) 3.09 (2.00) 3.03 (2.12) 7.40 0.007
Conduct problems, mean (SD) 2.43 (1.63) 2.18 (1.60) 4.43 0.035
Hyperactivity, mean (SD) 3.92 (2.16) 3.36 (2.20) 6.17 0.013
Peer problems, mean (SD) 2.84 (1.60) 2.55 (1.65) 2.73 0.098
Prosocial behavior, mean (SD) 6.93 (2.02) 7.39 (2.10) 53.35 < 0.001
Internalizing problems, mean (SD) 5.93 (2.88) 5.58 (3.06) 65.81 < 0.001
Internalizing problems (> 8) 326 (17.55) 418 (17.72) 0.02 0.903
Externalizing problems, mean (SD) 6.35 (3.30) 5.54 (3.30) 81.15 < 0.001
Externalizing problems (> 10) 1796 (96.66) 2231 (94.57) 10.54 0.001
Suicidal ideation 1.70 0.200
 Yes 492 (26.67) 584 (24.89)   
 No 1353 (73.33) 1762 (75.11)   
Self-injuries behavior 4.86 0.030
 Yes 189 (10.47) 193 (8.45)   
 No 1616 (89.53) 2091 (91.55)