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Table 2 Prevalence rates of different types of maltreatment

From: Trends in child maltreatment in Germany: comparison of two representative population-based studies

  2010 2016 2010 vs. 2016 (total) \(\chi^2\) (p) \(\varphi\)
Total (N = 2504) Female (N = 1331) Male (N = 1173) Total (N = 2510) Female (N = 1339) Male (N = 1171)
At least one type of maltreatmenta 881 (35.3%) 476 (35.9%) 405 (34.6%) 772 (31%) 431 (32.6%) 341 (29.3%) 10.11 (.001)* .045
Multiple types of maltreatmentb 342 (13.7%) 192 (14.5%) 150 (12.9%) 347 (14%) 208 (15.8) 139 (12%) .08 (.77)
Emotional abuse 115 (4.6%) 71 (5.3%) 44 (3.8%) 163 (6.5%) 115 (8.7%) 48 (4.1%) 8.88 (.003)* .042
Physical abuse 139 (5.6%) 75 (5.7%) 64 (5.5%) 167 (6.7%) 86 (6.5%) 81 (6.9%) 2.75 (.097)
Sexual abuse 156 (6.2%) 112 (8.4%) 44 (3.7%) 190 (7.6%) 150 (11.9%) 40 (3.4%) 3.65 (.056) .027
Emotional neglect 348 (13.9%) 177 (13.4%) 171 (14.6%) 332 (13.3%) 186 (14%) 146 (12.5%) .44 (.51)
Physical neglect 719 (28.8%) 378 (28.5%) 341 (29.1%) 562 (22.5%) 292 (22%) 270 (23.1%) 25.71 (< .001)* .072
  1. * p < .05
  2. aParticipants were counted if they reported at least one type of maltreatment with a severity score of “moderate to severe” or higher
  3. bParticipants were counted if they reported at least two types of maltreatment with a severity score of “moderate to severe” or higher