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Table 3 Effect size and bivariate analysis using linear regression between stunting and outcome measures

From: Association between stunting and neuro-psychological outcomes among children in Burkina Faso, West Africa

  Effect size Unstandardized Standardized P value
Cohen’s d Coefficient (95% CI) Coefficient (95% CI)
Memory (Atlantis—KABC-II) 0.44a − 8.6 (− 13.1 to − 4.1) − 0.4 (− 0.6 to − 0.2) 0.0002
Visual abilities (Conceptual Thinking—KABC-II) 0.29a − 0.9 (− 1.8 to − 0.2) − 0.2 (− 0.5 to − 0.05) 0.01
Visual abilities (Face Recognition—KABC-II) 0.23a − 0.7 (− 1.4 to − 0.01) − 0.2 (− 0.5 to − 0.002) 0.04
Memory (Number Recall—KABC-II) 0.24a − 0.4 (− 0.9 to − 0.01) − 0.2 (− 0.5 to − 0.006) 0.04
Spatial abilities (Triangle—KABC-II) 0.42a − 1.2 (− 1.8 to − 0.5) − 0.4 (− 0.6 to − 0.2) 0.0004
Reasoning (Block Counting—KABC-II) 0.17 − 0.6 (− 1.5 to 0.2) − 0.2 (− 0.4 to 0.05) 0.1
General cognition (KABC-II) 0.48a − 13.9 (− 20.5 to − 7.2) − 0.5 (− 0.7 to − 0.2) ≤ 0.0001
Cognitive flexibility (CCT-1) 0.25a 1.8 (0.1 to 3.5) 0.3 (0.01 to 0.5) 0.03
Attention (TOVA) 0.27a − 0.2 (− 0.3 to − 0.02) − 0.3 (− 0.5 to − 0.03) 0.02
Inhibition (TOVA) 0.30a 5.0 (1.0 to 8.9) 0.3 (0.06 to 0.5) 0.01
  1. aSmall effect size from 0.2 to 0.49