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Table 4 Linear regression analysis between stunting and KABC-II, CCT-1 and TOVA neuro-psychological outcomes of children from the PROMISE Saving Brains study in Burkina Faso

From: Association between stunting and neuro-psychological outcomes among children in Burkina Faso, West Africa

  Unstandardized Standardized P value
Coefficienta (95% CI) Coefficienta (95% CI)
Memory (Atlantis—KABC-II)
 No stunting    
 Stunting − 7.9 (− 12.3 to − 3.4) − 0.4 (− 0.6 to − 0.2) 0.001
Visual abilities (Conceptual Thinking—KABC-II)
 No stunting    
 Stunting − 1.1 (− 1.9 to − 0.3) − 0.3 (− 0.6 to − 0.07) 0.01
Visual abilities (Face Recognition—KABC-II)
 No stunting    
 Stunting − 0.7 (− 1.4 to 0.02) − 0.2 (− 0.5 to 0.01) 0.06
Memory (Number Recall- KABC-II)
 No stunting    
 Stunting − 0.5 (− 1.0 to − 0.07) − 0.3 (− 0.5 to − 0.04) 0.02
Spatial abilities (Triangle—KABC-II)
 No stunting    
 Stunting − 1.1 (− 1.7 to − 0.5) − 0.4 (− 0.6 to − 0.2) 0.001
Reasoning (Block Counting—KABC-II)
 No stunting    
 Stunting − 0.7 (− 1.6 to 0.2) − 0.2 (− 0.4 to 0.04) 0.11
General cognition (KABC-II)
 No stunting    
 Stunting − 13.2 (− 19.7 to − 6.8) − 0.5 (− 0.6 to − 0.2) ≤ 0.0001
Cognitive flexibility (CCT-1)
 No stunting    
 Stunting 1.8 (0.02 to 3.5) 0.2 (0.003 to 0.5) 0.04
Attention (TOVA)
 No stunting    
 Stunting − 0.2 (− 0.3 to − 0.02) − 0.2 (− 0.5 to − 0.03) 0.02
Inhibition (TOVA)
 No stunting    
 Stunting 4.6 (0.5 to 8.8) 0.3 (0.03 to 0.5) 0.02
  1. aAdjusted for age, sex, schooling, playing, father education, mother employment and EBF (N = 499 for KABC-II & CCT-1 and N = 481 for TOVA)