# Table 3 Statistically significant independent predictor variables of burnout in grade thirteen students in the bivariate analysis

Characteristic Burnout No burnout Total Odds ratio (95% CI) p value
n (%) n (%) n (%)
Personal characteristics
Sex (n = 796)
Female 145 (33.0) 295 (67.0) 440 (100.0) 0.7 (0.5–0.9)
Male 148 (41.6) 208 (58.4) 356 (100.0) p = 0.012
Residence related factors
Satisfaction of study place (n = 705)a
Satisfactory 139 (32.0) 295 (68.0) 434 (100.0) 0.6 (0.5–0.9)
Not satisfactory 116 (42.8) 155 (57.2) 271 (100.0) p = 0.004
Type of disturbances (n = 360)a
From inside 70 (49.3) 72 (50.7) 142 (100.0) 1.5 (1.0–2.3)
From outside/both inside and outside 85 (39.0) 133 (61.0) 218 (100.0) p = 0.054
Disturbances to studies at residence (n = 796)
Yes 155 (43.1) 205 (56.9) 360 (100.0) 1.6 (1.2–2.2)
No 138 (31.7) 298 (68.3) 436 (100.0) p = 0.001
Duration of travel to school (n = 796)
Less than 30 min 131 (33.0) 266 (67.0) 397 (100.0) 0.7 (0.5–0.9)
More than 30 min 162 (40.6) 237 (59.4) 399 (100.0) p = 0.026
School environment related factors
Facilities of the classroom (n = 796)
Satisfactory 81 (17.0) 395 (83.0) 476 (100.0) 0.1 (0.1–0.2)
Not satisfactory 212 (66.3) 108 (33.7) 320 (100.0) p < 0.001
School library facilities (n = 796)
Satisfactory 194 (33.1) 392 (66.9) 586 (100.0) 0.6 (0.4–0.8)
Not satisfactory 99 (47.1) 111 (52.9) 210 (100.0) p < 0.001
School health services (n = 796)
Satisfactory 111 (30.4) 254 (69.6) 365 (100.0) 0.6 (0.4–0.8)
Not satisfactory 182 (42.2) 249 (57.8) 431 (100.0) p = 0.001
School counseling services (n = 796)
Satisfactory 98 (30.9) 219 (69.1) 317 (100.0) 0.7 (0.5–0.9)
Not satisfactory 195 (40.7) 284 (59.3) 479 (100.0) p = 0.005
School recreational facilities (n = 796)
Satisfactory 85 (28.3) 215 (71.7) 300 (100.0) 0.5 (0.4–0.7)
Not satisfactory 208 (41.9) 288 (58.1) 496 (100.0) p < 0.001
Curriculum related factors
Scope of subject content (n = 766)a
Satisfactory 115 (22.5) 395 (77.5) 510 (100.0) 0.1 (0.1–0.2)
Not satisfactory 175 (68.4) 81 (31.6) 256 (100.0) p < 0.001
Amount of assignments/workload (n = 777)a
Satisfactory 103 (28.5) 259 (71.5) 362 (100.0) 0.5 (0.4–0.7)
Not satisfactory 180 (43.7) 232 (56.3) 412 (100.0) p < 0.001
Relevance of subject area (n = 781)a
Satisfactory 141 (30.5) 322 (69.5) 463 (100.0) 0.5 (0.4–0.7)
Not satisfactory 144 (45.3) 174 (54.7) 318 (100.0) p < 0.001
Difficulty in understanding (n = 796)
Easily understood 79 (18.9) 338 (81.1) 417 (100.0) 0.2 (0.1–0.3)
Not easily understood 214 (56.5) 165 (43.5) 379 (100.0) p < 0.001
Study pattern related factors
Duration of study per day (n = 796)
Less than 2 h 119 (42.5) 161 (57.5) 280 (100.0) 1.4 (1.1–2.0)
More than 2 h 174 (33.7) 342 (66.3) 516 (100.0) p = 0.014
Methods of study (n = 796)
Interactive methods with others 271 (36.0) 482 (64.0) 753 (100.0) 0.5 (0.3–0.9)
No interaction with others 22 (51.2) 21 (48.8) 43 (100.0) p = 0.045
Answering past papers (n = 796)
Yes 177 (31.8) 379 (68.2) 556 (100.0) 0.5 (0.4–0.7)
No 116 (48.3) 124 (51.7) 240 (100.0) p < 0.001
Study support related factors
Support from parents (n = 792)
Satisfactory 208 (30.4) 476 (69.6) 684 (100.0) 0.1 (0.1–0.2)
Not satisfactory 84 (77.8) 24 (22.2) 108 (100.0) p < 0.001
Support from colleagues (n = 759)a
Satisfactory 160 (33.8) 313 (66.2) 473 (100.0) 0.7 (0.5–1.0)
Not satisfactory 117 (40.9) 169 (59.1) 286 (100.0) p = 0.050
Support from teachers (n = 780)a
Satisfactory 231 (33.3) 462 (66.7) 693 (100.0) 0.3 (0.2–0.5)
Not satisfactory 54 (62.1) 33 (37.9) 87 (100.0) p < 0.001
Study enthusiasm related factors
Subject stream (n = 740)a
Science 105 (44.7) 130 (55.3) 235 (100.0) 1.8 (1.3–2.5)
Arts/Commerce 154 (30.5) 351 (69.5) 505 (100.0) p < 0.001
Preference of subject stream (n = 796)
Own preference 230 (32.5) 478 (67.5) 708 (100.0) 0.2 (0.1–0. 3)
Not own preference 63 (71.6) 25 (28.4) 88 (100.0) p < 0.001
Opinion of academic performance (n = 796)
Satisfactory 112 (28.6) 279 (71.4) 391 (100.0) 0.5 (0.4–0.7)
Not satisfactory 121 (44.7) 224 (55.3) 405 (100.0) p < 0.001
Average marks (n = 577)a
Less than 50 101 (46.3) 117 (53.7) 218 (100.0) 1.6 (1.1–2.2)
More than 50 126 (35.1) 233 (64.9) 359 (100.0) p = 0.007
Future expectation related factors
Personal expectations (n = 774)a
Encouraging 249 (34.8) 467 (65.2) 716 (100.0) 0.3 (0.2–0.6)
Not encouraging 36 (62.1) 22 (37.9) 58 (100.0) p < 0.001
Expectations of parents (n = 772)a
Encouraging 241 (33.8) 473 (66.2) 714 (100.0) 0.2 (0.1–0.3)
Not encouraging 44 (75.9) 14 (24.1) 58 (100.0) p < 0.001
Expectations of teachers (n = 761)a
Encouraging 232 (34.6) 439 (65.4) 671 (100.0) 0.4 (0.3–0.7)
Not encouraging 49 (54.4) 41 (45.6) 90 (100.0) p < 0.001
Expectations of colleagues (n = 677)a
Encouraging 162 (33.5) 322 (66.5) 484 (100.0) 0.7 (0.5–0.9)
Not encouraging 83 (43.0) 110 (57.0) 193 (100.0) p = 0.020
Personal behaviours/personal life factors
Love affair (n = 796)
Yes 87 (43.3) 114 (56.7) 201 (100.0) 1.4 (1.1–2.0)
No 206 (34.6) 389 (65.4) 595 (100.0) p = 0.028
Effect of hobbies (n = 769)a
Useful to studies 67 (31.8) 144 (68.2) 211 (100.0) 0.7 (0.5–1.0)
Not useful to studies 219 (39.2) 339 (60.8) 558 (100.0) p = 0.055
Effect of religious activities (n = 780)a
Useful to studies 216 (35.1) 400 (64.9) 616 (100.0) 0.7 (0.4–1.1)
Not useful to studies 69 (42.1) 95 (57.9) 164 (100.0) p = 0.098
Factors related to behaviours of other people
Household substance abuse (n = 796)
Yes 152 (46.2) 177.(53.8) 329 (100.0) 2.0 (1.5–2.7)
No 141 (30.2) 326 (69.8) 467 (100.0) p < 0.001
Colleagues substance abuse (n = 796)
Yes 130 (42.9) 173 (57.1) 303 (100.0) 1.5 (1.1–2.0)
No 163 (33.1) 330 (66.9) 493 (100.0) p = 0.005
Peer pressure for substance abuse (n = 796)
Yes 21 (53.8) 18 (46.2) 39 (100.0) 2.1 (1.1–3.9)
No 272 (35.9) 485 (64.1) 757 (100.0) p = 0.024
Subjected to bullying at school (n = 796)
Yes 160 (51.8) 149 (48.2) 309 (100.0) 2.9 (2.1–3.9)
No 133 (27.3) 354 (72.7) 487 (100.0) p < 0.001
1. aTotal is not equal to 796 due to responses not included in the analysis and/or missing values