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Table 2 Risk factors of adolescent psychiatric outpatients with and without DSH

From: Deliberate self-harm among adolescent psychiatric outpatients in Singapore: prevalence, nature and risk factors

Factor N (%) p-value
With DSH (n = 92) Without DSH (n = 301)
Female gender 68 (73.9) 125 (41.5) < 0.001
Depressive disorders 41 (44.6) 65 (21.6) < 0.001
Anxiety disorders 15 (16.3) 81 (26.9) 0.053
Adjustment disorders 22 (23.9) 82 (27.2) 0.618
Eating disorders 0 (0) 11 (3.7) 0.134
Neurodevelopmental disorders 1 (1.1) 19 (6.3) 0.085
Psychotic disorders 0 (0) 7 (2.3) 0.305
Conduct disorders 2 (2.2) 6 (2.0) 1.000
Substance disorders 1 (1.1) 1 (0.3) 0.958
Alcohol use 38 (41.3) 50 (16.6) < 0.001
Smoking 31 (33.7) 44 (14.6) < 0.001
Family history of psychiatric illness 30 (32.6) 109 (36.2) 0.614
Married parents 68 (73.9) 237 (78.7) 0.407
Living with both biological parents 66 (71.7) 229 (76.1) 0.481
Past abuse 11 (12.0) 15 (5.0) 0.029
Forensic history 8 (8.7) 10 (3.3) 0.061