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Table 2 Clinical findings of inpatients offspring (n = 34), inpatient parents (n = 25) and caregivers (n = 25)

From: Psychopathology and impairment of quality of life in offspring of psychiatric inpatients in southern Brazil: a preliminary study

Variables children (n = 34) M ± SD or percentage
SDQ—informant (M ± SD)
 Overall stress 14.0 ± 7.3
 Emotional distress 4.1 ± 2.7
 Behavioural difficulties 2.7 ± 2.7
 Hyperactivity and concentration difficulties 4.4 ± 3.1
 Difficulties getting along with other young people 2.6 ± 1.8
 Kind and helpful behaviour 8.3 ± 2.1
 Impact of any difficulties on the young person’s life 1.0 ± 1.3
Internalizing symptoms (M ± SD) 6.8 ± 3.7
Externalizing symptoms (M ± SD) 7.2 ± 5.1
SDQ—diagnostic predictions (% high risk)
 Any disorder 38.3
 Emotional disorder 17.6
 Behavioral disorder 20.6
 Hyperactivity or concentration disorder 38.2
WHOQOLª (M ± SD)
 Physical 15.4 ± 2.4
 Psychological 13.4 ± 2.5
 Social 14.1 ± 4.4
 Environmental 14.1 ± 2.4
 Overall 15.0 ± 2.9
AUQEIb (M ± SD) 44.9 ± 6.0
QOL—impairment (%) 61.8
Children referred for psychiatric evaluation (%)
 Already in treatment 17.6
 Referred for psychiatric evaluation 41.2
Variables caregivers (n = 25)
 PHQ depression caregivers (M ± SD) 2.3 ± 1.7
 PHQ anxiety—caregivers (M ± SD) 2.9 ± 2.0
 PHQ-4 total—caregivers (M ± SD) 5.2 ± 3.4
 PHQ-4 categories—symptoms in caregivers (%)
  None 20.8
  Mild 33.3
  Moderate 29.2
  Severe 16.7
Variables inpatient parents (n = 25)
 Clinical Global Impression-Severity (CGI-S)—parent impatient (M ± SD) 5.2 ± 1.0
 Primary caregiver is the inpatient (%) 70.6
  1. SDQ Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire total, WHOQOL World Health Organization Quality of Life questionnaire; AUQUEI Quality of Life Evaluation Scale, PHQ Patient Health Questionnaire
  2. a Used only for adolescents (> 12 and < 18 years; n = 13)
  3. bUsed only by children (from 4 to 12 years; n = 20)