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Table 3 Substance use in military and non-military connected children

From: A systematic review of wellbeing in children: a comparison of military and civilian families

Study   Alcohol Other drugs Tobacco Marijuana   
Acion et al. [28] OR (95% CI) 1.67* (1.49, 1.87) 3.52* (2.99, 4.14)   2.19* (1.87, 2.58)   
Gilreath et al. [15] Parent military OR (95% CI) 0.91 (0.79, 1.04) 1.28* (1.04, 1.57) 1.04 (0.85, 1.29) 0.96 (0.81, 1.13)   
Sibling military OR (95% CI) 1.18c (0.98, 1.43) 1.00 (0.72, 1.38) 1.19 (0.89, 1.58) 1.09 (0.87, 1.37)   
Sullivan et al. [27]a AOR Overall (95% CI) 1.50* (1.46, 1.55) 1.73* (1.66, 1.80) 1.59* (1.53, 1.66) 1.45* (1.40, 1.50)   
  1. AOR adjusted odds ratio, OR unadjusted odds ratios. For OR and AOR the reference category was children of civilian parents. CI confidence intervals
  2. * Confidence intervals indicate a statistically significant odds or adjusted odds ratio
  3. aAOR adjusted for sex, race/ethnicity and grade
  4. bAlcohol consumption is a measure of self-reported binge drinking over the last 2 weeks, all other studies assessed substance use in the last 30 days
  5. cDifference between parent military and sibling military significant at p < 0.05
  6. dDifference between military and deployed significant at p < 0.05
   8th grade 10th/12th grade 8th grade 10th/12th grade   
Reed et al. [26]b Parent military
 Male OR (95% CI) 1.28 (0.83, 1.97) 1.65* (1.30, 2.08) 1.23 (0.82, 1.83) 1.67* (1.32, 2.11)   
 Female OR (95% CI) 1.01 (0.61, 1.64) 1.86* (1.44, 2.39) 1.64* (1.02, 2.62) 1.50* (1.15, 1.94)   
Parent deployed
 Male OR (95% CI) 1.87* (1.15, 3.03) 1.65* (1.15, 2.35) 1.34 (0.82, 2.19) 2.08* (1.47, 2.94)   
 Female OR (95% CI) 1.93*d (1.15, 3.21) 1.86* (1.24, 2.79) 1.48 (0.79, 2.74) 1.92* (1.28, 2.85)   
  1. AOR adjusted odds ratio, OR unadjusted odds ratios. For OR and AOR the reference category was children of civilian parents. CI confidence intervals
  2. * Confidence intervals indicate a statistically significant odds or adjusted odds ratio
  3. aAOR adjusted for sex, race/ethnicity and grade
  4. bAlcohol consumption is a measure of self-reported binge drinking over the last 2 weeks, all other studies assessed substance use in the last 30 days
  5. cDifference between parent military and sibling military significant at p < 0.05
  6. dDifference between military and deployed significant at p < 0.05