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Table 5 Quality of life in military and non-military connected youth

From: A systematic review of wellbeing in children: a comparison of military and civilian families

Study Quality of life Positive affect Stress M (SD)
Barnes et al. [24]a Civilian   22.5 (0.56)
Parent military   23.4 (0.78)
Parent deployed   28.0 (4.42)
Cederbaum et al. [31]b Parent military AOR Overall (95% CI) 0.79 (0.67, 0.94)  
Sibling military AOR Overall (95% CI) 0.91 (0.69, 1.21)  
   8th grade 10th/12th grade
Reed et al. [14]c Parent military
   Male AOR (95% CI) 1.28d (0.91, 1.79) 1.72*d (1.31, 2.26)
 Female AOR (95% CI) 0.99 (0.72, 1.36) 1.21 (0.94, 1.55)
Parent deployed
 Male AOR (95% CI) 2.10*d (1.43, 3.10) 2.74*d (1.79, 4.20)
 Female AOR (95% CI) 1.21 (0.84, 1.82) 1.13 (0.74, 1.76)
  1. AOR adjusted odds ratio. The reference category for the adjusted odds ratio was children of civilian parents. M mean, SD standard deviation, CI confidence intervals
  2. * Confidence intervals indicate a statistically significant odds or adjusted odds ratio
  3. aScore reflects child self-reported mean score on the Psychosocial Resources Scale on May 15th and 16th 2003 at the declaration of the end of “major hostilities” of Operation Iraqi Freedom
  4. bAOR adjusted for study design
  5. cAOR adjusted for race/ethnicity, grade, maternal education, academic achievement, binge drinking, and drug use. Poor quality of life assessed via Youth Quality of Life Instrument Surveillance Version (e.g. “I feel alone in my life”; [36])
  6. dDifference between military and deployed significant at p < 0.05