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Table 4 Demographic and socioeconomic factors associated with mental health outcomes

From: Earthquake exposures and mental health outcomes in children and adolescents from Phulpingdanda village, Nepal: a cross-sectional study

Characteristic Depression (mean ± SD) PTSD (mean ± SD) Resilience (mean ± SD)
Child’s age
 8–12 5.97 ± 3.53* 7.64 ± 5.86 30.83 ± 2.26
 13–17 7.50 ± 3.42 8.88 ± 5.56 31.65 ± 2.81
Child’s gender
 Male 5.81 ± 2.88 7.85 ± 4.75 30.78 ± 2.39
 Female 7.23 ± 3.90 8.40 ± 6.43 31.49 ± 2.61
Household’s marital status
 Married 6.56 ± 3.50 8.18 ± 6.00 31.05 ± 2.61
 Other 7.00 ± 4.12 8.00 ± 2.89 32.14 ± 1.46
Household identified religion
 Hindu 6.61 ± 3.59 8.46 ± 5.90 31.15 ± 2.62
 Other 6.23 ± 3.38 6.13 ± 4.01 31.38 ± 1.85
Household identified ethnicity
 Upper caste 7.36 ± 3.23* 9.52 ± 5.31 31.08 ± 2.94
 Relatively advantaged Janajatis 4.48 ± 2.38 5.25 ± 3.75 31.38 ± 2.22
 Disadvantaged Janajatis 6.80 ± 3.01 7.00 ± 4.52 31.60 ± 1.84
 Other 7.91 ± 4.93 10.36 ± 8.24 30.73 ± 2.65
Highest level of education in household
 Illiterate/none/no response 6.78 ± 3.95 8.24 ± 6.34 31.14 ± 2.45
 Primary or higher 6.36 ± 2.90 8.04 ± 4.80 31.24 ± 2.67
Household identified occupation
 Farmer 6.58 ± 3.17 7.83 ± 5.29 31.38 ± 2.55
 Other 6.77 ± 5.49 10.11 ± 7.91 30.00 ± 2.06
Monthly household income (Nepali rupees)
 ≤ 10 k or no response 6.85 ± 3.94 8.76 ± 5.73 31.33 ± 2.13
 > 10 k 6.34 ± 3.07 7.48 ± 5.74 31.00 ± 2.93
Household size
 ≤ 3 6.50 ± 2.93 7.13 ± 3.68 31.88 ± 2.03
 4–5 6.83 ± 3.84 8.73 ± 6.60 31.50 ± 2.24
 ≥ 6 6.38 ± 3.45 7.79 ± 5.18 30.54 ± 2.92
  1. *p-value < 0.05