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Table 4 Overview of the proportions in which groups report ‘abnormal’ results on the SDQ

From: Starting from scratch: prevalence, methods, and functions of non-suicidal self-injury among refugee minors in Belgium

  Abnormal score in general (%)a Abnormal score for participants with a history of NSSI Abnormal score for participants with no history of NSSI Difference between NSSI and no NSSI groups
Total Difficulties Scale 16.2 52.9 9.6 p = .000
Emotional Problems Scale 18.6 55.6 11.6 p = .000
Conduct Problems Scale 10.6 31.6 6.4 p = .004
Hyperactivity Scale 2.7 5.3 2.1 p = .084
Peer Problems Scale 15.7 42.1 10.4 p = .001
Pro-Social Scale 4.2 15 2 p = .48
Impact Scale 27.4 75 17.5 p = .000
  1. aGoodman [46] divided the normative population, based on a UK community sample, into a ‘normal’ group of 80%, a ‘borderline’ group of 10%, and an ‘abnormal’ group of 10%