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Table 2 Definition and frequency of therapeutic factors (number and percentage of participants who named the relevant factor; N = 70)

From: Therapeutic factors that promote recovery in high-risk adolescents intensive group psychotherapeutic MBT programme

Therapeutic factor Definition Prevalence
n %
1. Altruism Members help one another through giving of themselves to others 26 37.1
2. Cohesion The sense of belonging to the group and being understood and accepted 68 97.1
3. Universality The sense of not being the only one to feel this way 1 1.4
4. Interpersonal learning input Refers to members learning how they come across to others 36 51.4
5. Interpersonal learning output Refers to members learning how to relate to others 66 94.3
6. Guidance Group members receiving helpful, accurate information and therapeutic interventions 62 88.6
7. Catharsis The expression of feelings, both positive and negative 39 55.7
8. Identification Members imitate successful behaviours modelled by other members or the treatment staff 66 94.3
9. Family re-enactment Frees group members from familial roles 2 2.9
10. Self-understanding Refers to members discovering and accepting previously unknown or unacceptable parts of themselves 13 18.6
11. Instilling hope Refers to sense that change is possible 1 1.4
12. Existential factors Members learn to take responsibility for the way they live their lives 21 30.0
13 Self-esteem A sense of worth within the group and of being self-confident 19 27.1
14. Turning point Member pointing out a crucial moment of change in the group therapy 7 10.0
15. Resilience The belief that one can cope with stressful life events 11 15.7
16. Epistemic trust Learning to trust and learn from other people 9 12.9