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Table 2 Mental health screening scores as predictors of total number of future violent arrests

From: The relation between mental health problems and future violence among detained male juveniles

Sample Scale Bivariate model Multivariate modela
EXP(B); 95% CI EXP(B); 95% CI
Dutch Alcohol/drug use 1.04 (0.96; 1.12) 1.06 (0.98; 1.16)
  Angry-irritable 1.01 (0.94; 1.09) 0.98 (0.87; 1.10)
  Depressed-anxious 1.07 (0.96; 1.19) 1.19 (1.01; 1.42)
  Somatic complaints 1.01 (0.89; 1.14) 1.00 (0.86; 1.16)
  Thought disturbances 0.88 (0.69; 1.14) 0.71 (0.52; 0.95)
  Suicide ideation 1.02 (0.86; 1.21) 1.02 (0.83; 1.24)
  Conduct problems 0.97 (0.88; 1.07) 0.98 (0.85; 1.11)
  Hyperactivity 0.94 (0.86; 1.01) 0.91 (0.83; 1.01)
Moroccan Alcohol/drug use 1.06 (0.96; 1.18) 0.98 (0.86; 1.11)
  Angry-irritable 1.03 (0.95; 1.10) 1.01 (0.89; 1.14)
  Depressed-anxious 1.01 (0.91; 1.12) 1.08 (0.91; 1.28)
  Somatic complaints 1.12 (1.02; 1.23) 1.11 (0.99; 1.23)
  Thought disturbances 0.96 (0.77; 1.21) 0.96 (0.74; 1.29)
  Suicide ideation 0.76 (0.48; 1.22) 0.57 (0.31; 1.05)
  Conduct problems 1.07 (0.98; 1.17) 1.03 (0.91; 1.17)
  Hyperactivity 0.99 (0.93; 1.06) 0.99 (0.91; 1.08)
Surinamese/Antillean Alcohol/drug use 0.95 (0.88; 1.03) 0.96 (0.87; 1.05)
  Angry-irritable 0.97 (0.90; 1.04) 1.08 (0.97; 1.20)
  Depressed-anxious 0.82 (0.72; 0.92) 0.80 (0.68; 0.95)
  Somatic complaints 0.87 (0.77; 0.98) 0.97 (0.85; 1.10)
  Thought disturbances 0.93 (0.75; 1.15) 1.04 (0.80; 1.31)
  Suicide ideation 0.66 (0.47; 0.93) 0.82 (0.58; 1.14)
  Conduct problems 1.00 (0.91; 1.09) 0.94 (0.84; 1.06)
  Hyperactivity 1.02 (0.96; 1.09) 1.06 (0.99; 1.14)
Mixed Origin Alcohol/drug use 1.12 (1.05; 1.19) 1.10 (1.01; 1.19)
  Angry-irritable 1.17 (1.11; 1.25) 1.14 (1.03; 1.26)
  Depressed-anxious 1.11 (1.03; 1.20) 0.94 (0.84; 1.06)
  Somatic complaints 1.06 (0.96; 1.17) 0.97 (0.86; 1.09)
  Thought disturbances 1.10 (0.92; 1.31) 1.00 (0.81; 1.23)
  Suicide ideation 1.23 (1.08; 1.40) 1.07 (0.91; 1.26)
  Conduct problems 1.14 (1.05; 1.22) 0.95 (0.85; 1.06)
  Hyperactivity 1.01 (0.95; 1.07) 0.94 (0.88; 1.02)
  1. The bivariate model includes only one scale; the multivariable model simultaneously includes all eight scales and age; overall, deviance tests provided values close to 1.00, thereby suggesting that there were no problems with under- or overdispersion (range of values for the three models: Dutch: 1.06–1.13; Moroccan: 1.01–1.37; Surinamese/Antillean: 1.09–1.29; Mixed Origin: 1.02–1.22); italicised values are significant at p < .05
  2. aOf the three control variables included in the multivariate model, the following were significantly related to the total number of future violent arrests among Dutch boys: Follow-Up Time [Exp(B): 1.01; CI 1.002–1.01] and number of past violent arrests [Exp(B): 1.20; CI 1.002–1.44]; among Moroccan boys: Follow-Up Time [Exp(B): 1.01; CI 1.002–1.01] and number of past violent arrests [Exp(B): 1.01; CI 1.008–1.012]; among Surinamese/Antillean boys: Follow-up Time [Exp(B): 1.007; CI 1.005–1.010]; and among Mixed Origin boys: Age [Exp(B): 1.01; CI 1.002–1.01] and Follow-up Time [Exp(B): 1.006; CI 1.004–1.010]