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TableĀ 1 Prisoner statistics ([8] Eurostat) in European countries

From: Overview of European forensic youth care: towards an integrative mission for prevention and intervention strategies for juvenile offenders

Country Prisoners Adult prisoners Juvenile prisoners N of prisoners per 100.000 inhabitants N of juvenile prisoners per 100.000 inhabitants Age of criminal responsibility
Albania 6.031 5.972 59 208,97 9,60 14
Austria 8.619 8.503 116 99,18 7,68 14
Belgiuma 10.994 10.870 14 97,84 0,61 n/ab
Bosnia and Herzegovinaa 2.832 2.214 11 Unknown Unknown Unknown
Bulgaria 7.345 7.318 27 102,67 2,27 14
Croatia 3.108 3.063 45 74,16 6,03 14
Cyprus 586 571 15 69,08 8,88 14
Czech Republic 22.481 22.396 85 213,01 4,48 15
Denmark 3.408 3.392 16 59,71 1,37 15
England & Wales 83.604 82.969 635 143,78 5,14 10
Estonia 2.864 2.835 29 217,64 11,74 14
Finland 3.156 3.063 93 57,51 8,67 15
France 68.432 67.674 758 102,50 5,11 13
Germany 64.291 63.020 Unknown 78,24 Unknown 14
Greece 9.560 9.310 250 88,65 13,32 15
Hungary 17.658 17.351 307 179,62 17,89 14
Iceland 116 116 0 34,88 0,00 15
Irelanda 3.716 3.150 60 78,65 4,98 12
Italy 55.978 54.653 1.325 92,27 13,24 14
Kosovo 1.648 1.589 59 93,02 10,08 Unknown
Latvia 4.243 4.200 43 215,49 12,21 14
Liechtenstein 72 72 0 191,38 0,00 14
Lithuania 6.815 6.757 58 235,93 11,19 14
Luxembourg 724 717 7 125,64 1,21 16
Macedonia Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Malta 553 537 16 127,30 21,20 14
Montenegro 1.123 1.119 4 180,48 2,88 14
Netherlands 10.601 10.180 421 62,44 12,32 12
Northern Ireland 1.407 1.407 0 75,70 0,00 10
Norwaya 4.192 4.116 3 80,45 0,27 15
Poland 71.528 70.041 1.487 188,39 21,72 13
Portugal 13.917 13.588 329 134,58 18,26 16
Romania 27.455 27.048 407 138,94 10,93 16
Scotland 7.744 7.282 462 144,57 44,80 8/12c
Serbia 10.672 10.433 239 150,81 19,49 14
Slovakia 9.995 9.919 76 184,20 7,60 14
Slovenia 1.308 1.299 9 63,37 2,48 14
Spain 59.589 57.711 650 128,31 7,79 14
Swedena 5.910 5.527 16 59,99 0,81 15
Switzerland 6.541 6.522 19 78,55 1,27 10
Turkey 200.727 198.325 2.402 254,92 10,50 12
  1. aCountries for which some information of 2015 was used because 2016 was not available
  2. bNo criminal law applies for youth under the age of 18
  3. cIn 2018 new legislation was proposed that will raise the age of criminal responsibility from 8 to 12