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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of the participating URM and ARM

From: Mental health and associated stress factors in accompanied and unaccompanied refugee minors resettled in Germany: a cross-sectional study

  URM, n = 68 ARM, n = 30 Total, N = 98 t test (df) Fisher’s exact χ2-statistics (df)
Age in years, M (SD) 16.78 (1.26) 15.13 (1.98) 16.28 (1.69) t(39.69) = 4.2***
Gender, n (%)     Fisher’s exact = .001
 Male 66 (97.1) 22 (73.3) 88 (89.8)  
 Female 2 (2.9) 8 (26.7) 10 (10.2)  
Country of origin, n (%)
 Persian 30 (44.1) 25 (83.3) 55 (56.1) χ2(1) = 13.0*** (vs. Non-Persian)
 Afghanistan 29 (42.6) 25 (83.3) 54 (55.1)  
 Iran 1 (1.5) 0 1 (1.0)  
 Arabic 17 (25.0) 5 (16.7) 22 (22.4) χ2(1) = .42 (vs. Non-Arabic)
 Syria 12 (17.6) 2 (6.7) 14 (14.3)  
 Iraq 5 (7.4) 3 (10.0) 8 (8.2)  
 African 18 (26.5) 0 18 (18.4) χ2(1) = 8.04** (vs. Non-African)
 Eritrea 11 (16.2) 0 11 (11.2)  
 Gambia 3 (4.4) 0 3 (3.1)  
 Somalia 2 (2.9) 0 2 (2.0)  
 Ethiopia 1 (1.5) 0 1 (1.0)  
 Mali 1 (1.5) 0 1 (1.0)  
 Others 3 (4.4) 0 3 (3.1)  
 Albania 1 (1.5) 0 1 (1.0)  
 Bangladesh 1 (1.5) 0 1 (1.0)  
 Pakistan 1 (1.5) 0 1 (1.0)  
Religion, n (%)     Fisher’s exact = .001
 Islam 51 (75.0) 30 (100.0) 81 (82.7)  
 Others 17 (25.0) 0 17 (17.3)  
 Length of stay in months, M (SD) 19.69 (5.62) 25.47 (10.16) 21.46 (7.73) t(37.06) = -2.92**
Asylum status, n (%)     χ2(2) = 1.07
 Accepted 26 (38.2) 11 (36.7) 37 (37.8)  
 Rejected 21 (30.9) 13 (43.3) 34 (34.7)  
 Pending 17 (25.0) 6 (20.0) 23 (23.4)  
 Missing 4 (5.9) 0 4 (4.1)  
  1. ** p < .01, *** p < .001