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Table 2 Experience of trauma amongst URM and ARM, derived from the CATS trauma list

From: Mental health and associated stress factors in accompanied and unaccompanied refugee minors resettled in Germany: a cross-sectional study

Item (did you ever experience …) URM, N = 68 ARM, N = 30 Total, N = 98 χ2-statistics (df) Fisher’s exact
n (%) n (%) n (%)
Dangerous journey or transport 66 (97.1) 29 (96.7) 95 (96.6) Fisher’s exact = 1
Seeing someone in the community get slapped, punched or beat up 57 (83.8) 20 (66.7) 77 (78.6) Fisher’s exact = .06
Lack of food or water for several days 57 (83.8) 18 (60) 75 (76.5) Fisher’s exact = .02*
Seeing someone attacked, stabbed, shot at, hurt badly or killed 55 (80.9) 20 (66.7) 75 (76.5) Fisher’s exact = .2
Being around war 49 (72.1) 14 (46.7) 63 (64.3) 5.85 (1)*
Someone close to you dying suddenly or violently 51 (75) 10 (33.3) 61 (62.2) 15.38 (1)***
Slapped, punched or beat up by someone not in the family 43 (63.2) 15 (50) 58 (59.2) 1.73 (1)
Serious accident or injury 46 (67.6) 8 (26.7) 54 (55.1) 14.13 (1)***
Seeing someone in the family get slapped, punched or beat up 30 (44.1) 16 (53.3) 46 (46.9) .61 (1)
Attacked, stabbed, shot at or hurt badly 35 (51.5) 9 (30) 44 (44.9) 3.88 (1)*
Being robbed by threat, force or weapon 30 (44.1) 13 (43.3) 43 (43.9) .005 (1)
Slapped, punched or beat up in the family 28 (41.2) 11 (36.7) 39 (39.8) .23 (1)
Imprisonment or abduction 28 (41.2) 7 (23.3) 35 (35.7) 3.06 (1)
Serious natural disaster 18 (26.5) 10 (33.3) 28 (28.6) Fisher’s exact = .63
Scary medical procedure 18 (26.5) 6 (20) 24 (24.5) Fisher’s exact = .61
Committing acts of violence (voluntarily or involuntarily) 9 (13.2) 4 (13.3) 13 (13.4) Fisher’s exact = 1
Someone older touching your private parts when they shouldn’t 9 (13.2) 2 (6.7) 11 (11.2) Fisher’s exact = .50
Someone forcing or pressuring sex 3 (4.4) 2 (6.7) 5 (5.1) Fisher’s exact = .64
  1. * p < .05, *** p < .001