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Table 1 The baseline 16D dimensions and score of outpatients and population controls

From: CAPMH health-related quality of life among adolescent psychiatric outpatients: a 12-month follow-up study among 12–14-year-old Finnish boys and girls

Variable Baseline Population p-value
Female patients (n = 156) Male patients (n = 80) Population, females (n = 210) Population, males (n = 163) (a)vs.(d) [a]vs.[d] (b)vs.(f) [b]vs.[f] (a)vs.(b) [a]vs.[b]
(a) [a] (b) [b] (d) [d] (f) [f]
Mean (SD) Median [IQR] Mean (SD) Median [IQR] Mean (SD) Median [IQR] Mean (SD) Median [IQR] S M–W S M–W S M–W
Moving 0.991 (0.058) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] 0.991 (0.058) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] 0.997 (0.036) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] 0.998 (0.028) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] 0.263 0.230 0.313 0.212 0.977 0.976
Seeing 0.937 (0.113) 1.000 [0.769–1.000] 0.956 (0.115) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] 0.968 (0.080) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] 0.976 (0.781) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] 0.003 0.004 0.175 0.145 0.223 0.108
Hearing 0.966 (0.094) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] 0.985 (0.064) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] 0.979 (0.079) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] 0.993 (0.046) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] 0.155 0.107 0.354 0.297 0.067 0.103
Breathing 0.903 (0.200) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] 0.946 (0.142) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] 0.961 (0.110) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] 0.951 (0.126) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] 0.001 0.002 0.798 0.941 0.058 0.102
Sleeping 0.711 (0.215) 0.699 [0.471–1.000] 0.811 (0.198) 0.699 [0.699–1.000] 0.872 (0.171) 1.000 [0.699–1.000] 0.893 (0.164) 1.000 [0.699–1.000] < 0.001 < 0.001 0.002 0.001 0.001 < 0.001
Eating 0.982 (0.086) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] 0.990 (0.060) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] 0.995 (0.045) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] 1.000 (0.000) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] 0.090 0.075 0.159 0.043 0.415 0.448
Speech 0.908 (0.173) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] 0.942 (0.134) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] 0.969 (0.098) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] 0.972 (0.098) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] < 0.001 < 0.001 0.082 0.050 0.095 0.161
Excretion 0.917 (0.176) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] 0.973 (0.105) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] 0.981 (0.088) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] 0.982 (0.096) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] < 0.001 < 0.001 0.525 0.381 0.003 0.010
School and hobbies 0.724 (0.246) 0.665 [0.665–1.000] 0.847 (0.221) 1.000 [0.665–1.000] 0.958 (0.127) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] 0.972 (0.101) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Mental function 0.787 (0.231) 1.000 [0.607–1.000] 0.850 (0.205) 1.000 [0.607–1.000] 0.965 (0.120) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] 0.961 (0.117) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.034 0.050
Discomfort and symptoms 0.717 (0.213) 0.641 [0.641–1.000] 0.862 (0.205) 1.000 [0.641–1.000] 0.878 (0.185) 1.000 [0.641–1.000] 0.918 (0.157) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] < 0.001 < 0.001 0.033 0.036 < 0.001 < 0.001
Depression 0.609 (0.255) 0.651 [0.461–0.651] 0.859 (0.209) 1.000 [0.651–1.000] 0.861 (0.208) 1.000 [0.651–1.000] 0.924 (0.157) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] < 0.001 < 0.001 0.015 0.012 < 0.001 < 0.001
Distress 0.613 (0.230) 0.687 [0.496–0.687] 0.828 (0.191) 1.000 [0.687–1.000] 0.851 (0.193) 1.000 [0.687–1.000] 0.905 (0.163) 1.000 [0.687–1.000] < 0.001 < 0.001 0.002 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Vitality 0.681 (0.248) 0.698 [0.497–1.000] 0.844 (0.204) 1.000 [0.698–1.000] 0.864 (0.191) 1.000 [0.698–1.000] 0.889 (0.166) 1.000 [0.698–1.000] < 0.001 < 0.001 0.091 0.118 < 0.001 < 0.001
Physical appearance 0.654 (0.278) 0.689 [0.494–1.000] 0.911 (0.178) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] 0.838 (0.217) 1.000 [0.698–1.000] 0.915 (0.160) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] < 0.001 < 0.001 0.871 0.915 < 0.001 < 0.001
Friends 0.830 (0.227) 1.000 [0.616–1.000] 0.935 (0.151) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] 0.984 (0.080) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] 0.995 (0.042) 1.000 [1.000–1.000] < 0.001 < 0.001 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
16D score 0.817 (0.102) 0.818 [0.752–0.898] 0.912 (0.075) 0.930 [0.868–0.983] 0.939 (0.062) 0.956 [0.912–0.985] 0.957 (0.052) 0.972 [0.937–1.000] < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
  1. SD standard deviation, IQR interquartile range, S Student’s independent samples t-test, M–W Mann–Whitney U-test, statistical significance reported between groups