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Table 1 Prevalence of CLBP in college students by demographic factors

From: The relationship between the psychological stress of adolescents in school and the prevalence of chronic low back pain: a cross-sectional study in China

  N Prevalence (%) p-value OR (95% CI)
Sex < 0.001  
 Male 3949 24.08 1
 Female 4715 28.70 < 0.001 1.271 (1.154–1.400)
Major < 0.001  
 Engineering 3141 23.94 1
 Arts 1320 26.67 0.054 1.155 (0.997–1.338)
 Science 1371 24.36 0.761 1.023 (0.882–1.187)
 Agriculture 76 39.47 0.002 2.072 (1.299–3.306)
 Business 740 30.27 < 0.001 1.379 (1.155–1.646)
 Medicine 1417 29.57 < 0.001 1.334 (1.159–1.535)
 Other 599 32.55 < 0.001 1.533 (1.269–1.853)
Year of study < 0.001  
 Freshman, sophomore 6561 24.71 1
 Junior, senior 1386 30.38 < 0.001 1.330 (1.170–1.510)
 Master’s level 423 34.28 < 0.001 1.590 (1.290–1.958)
 Doctoral level 294 40.48 < 0.001 2.072 (1.631–2.633)
  1. OR, OR after univariate logistic regression; CI, confidence interval