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Table 2 Prevalence of CLBP according to mental health status

From: The relationship between the psychological stress of adolescents in school and the prevalence of chronic low back pain: a cross-sectional study in China

  N Prevalence (%) p-value OR (95% CI)
Depression < 0.001  
 None 5664 19.76 1
 Slight 2323 36.63 < 0.001 2.348 (2.110–2.613)
 Subclinical 566 46.82 < 0.001 3.576 (2.994–4.271)
 Clinical 111 63.96 < 0.001 7.209 (4.867–10.680)
Anxiety < 0.001  
 None 6741 22.18 1
 Slight 1535 39.35 < 0.001 2.277 (2.024–2.560)
 Subclinical 293 49.49 < 0.001 3.438 (2.715–4.353)
 Clinical 95 65.26 < 0.001 6.593 (4.305–10.097)
Obsession–compulsion < 0.001  
 None 4680 19.96 1
 Slight 3080 31.40 < 0.001 1.835 (1.635–2.038)
 Subclinical 751 43.81 < 0.001 3.127 (2.662–3.673)
 Clinical 153 49.67 < 0.001 3.959 (2.860–5.478)
Paranoid ideation < 0.001  
 None 6275 23.00 1
 Slight 1852 32.67 < 0.001 1.625 (1.450–1.820)
 Subclinical 439 46.01 < 0.001 2.854 (2.344–3.474)
 Clinical 98 57.14 < 0.001 4.465 (2.980–6.690)
Interpersonal sensitivity < 0.001  
 None 5525 21.61 1
 Slight 2358 31.93 < 0.001 1.702 (1.528–1.895))
 Subclinical 600 43.5 < 0.001 2.793 (2.348–3.322)
 Clinical 181 54.14 < 0.001 4.283 (3.175–5.777)
  1. CI, confidence interval; OR, odds ratio after univariate logistic regression