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Table 3 Prevalence of CLBP according to campus life experiences

From: The relationship between the psychological stress of adolescents in school and the prevalence of chronic low back pain: a cross-sectional study in China

  N Prevalence (%) p-value OR (95% CI)
Alcohol use < 0.001  
 Seldom 7950 25.85 1
 Occasionally 282 29.43 < 0.001 1.196 (0.922–1.553)
 Sometimes 160 33.75 < 0.001 1.461 (1.049–2.036)
 Often 174 30.46 < 0.001 1.256 (0.906–1.742)
 Always 98 62.24 < 0.001 4.729 (3.134–7.137)
Smoking 0.001  
 Seldom 5674 24.34 1
 Occasionally 2196 27.96 < 0.001 1.207 (1.080–1.348)
 Sometimes 637 36.89 < 0.001 1.817 (1.530–2.158)
 Often 111 40.54 < 0.001 2.120 (1.444–3.111)
 Always 46 67.39 < 0.001 6.424 (3.458–11.936)
Satisfaction with major < 0.001  
 Very satisfied 1403 22.38 1
 Satisfied 3210 24.33 0.152 1.115 (0.961–1.295)
 Neutral 2795 28.19 < 0.001 1.362 (1.172–1.582)
 Dissatisfied 793 31.27 < 0.001 1.578 (1.298–1.919)
 Very dissatisfied 463 37.80 < 0.001 2.107 (1.681–2.642)
Satisfaction with school < 0.001  
 Very satisfied 1491 21.40 1
 Satisfied 3255 24.15 0.037 1.170 (1.009–1.356)
 Neutral 2661 29.54 < 0.001 1.540 (1.327–1.788)
 Dissatisfied 828 31.04 < 0.001 1.654 (1.364–2.004)
 Very dissatisfied 429 36.83 < 0.001 2.142 (1.699–2.701)
Difficulty falling asleep (per week) < 0.001  
 < 1 4337 19.62 1
 1–2 2758 31.18 < 0.001 1.856 (1.663–2.072)
 > 3 726 36.09 0.165 2.313 (1.953–2.739)
 Every day 843 39.50 < 0.001 2.675 (2.286–3.13)
  1. CI, confidence interval; OR, odds ratio after univariate logistic regression