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Table 2 Summary of study outcomes included in meta-analyses

From: Parental military deployment as risk factor for children’s mental health: a meta-analytical review

Outcome k N N Effect size Confidence interval 95% Correlation coefficient r Heterogenity I2 (%)
Military sample Civilian sample/normative data
Total problem score 21 6560 103,060 SMD 0.51* 0.31–0.70 0.25 98*
6 874,041 281,372 log OR 1.02 -0.63–2.66 0.27 100*
Anxiety/depression 13 4453 54,506 SMD 0.55* 0.39–0.70 0.26 94*
4 339,363 21,798 log OR 1.56* 0.45–2.68 0.40 97*
Aggression 9 3582 45,819 SMD 0.44* 0.16–0.72 0.21 97*
2 156,497 6084 log OR 1.66 − 0.27–3.59 0.42 100*
Hyperactivity/inattention 10 2085 63,081 SMD 0.32* 0.04–0.60 0.16 96*
3 1,249,100 9126 log OR − 1.22 − 3.88–1.45 0.32 100*
  1. k, number of studies; N, number of participants
  2. * p < .05
Outcome k N N Effect size Confidence interval 95% Correlation coefficient r Heterogenity I2 (%)
Deployed sample Non-deployed sample
Total problem score 13 1370 1681 SMD 0.30* 0.15–0.45 0.15 67*
5 340,399 418,583 log OR 1.37 − 0.82–3.56 0.35 100*
Anxiety/depression 8 1013 1426 SMD 0.15* 0.00–0.30 0.08 47
5 340,419 418,584 log OR 0.97 − 0.11–2.05 0.26 100*
Aggression 5 768 911 SMD 0.05 − 0.04–0.15 0.03 0.00
3 335,216 414,236 log OR 0.98* 0.07–1.90 0.26 100*
Hyperactivity/inattention 6 818 961 SMD 0.08 − 0.10–0.25 0.04 45
2 193,545 113,185 log OR 0.44 − 0.23–1.11 0.12 76*
  1. k, number of studies; N, number of participants
  2. * p < .05