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Table 3 Association with cannabis and amphetamine use among school-going adolescents in Ghana

From: Cannabis and amphetamine use and its psychosocial correlates among school-going adolescents in Ghana

Variables Past-month cannabis use Lifetime amphetamine use
AOR 95% CI AOR 95% CI
Demographics
 Age in years
  11–17 years 1 1
  18 years and above 0.91 0.51–1.62 0.98 0.62–1.55
 Sex (male) 0.74 0.43–1.28 1.07  
Mental health problems
 Anxiety 0.71 0.34–1.50 1.21 0.71–2.07
 Loneliness 0.99 0.51–1.91 1.08 0.64–1.81
 Suicidal ideation 1.84 0.97–3.50 1.51 0.88–2.60
 Suicidal plan 1.43 0.75 –2.73 1.18 0.68–2.03
 Suicidal attempt 1.40 0.70 –2.80 1.44 0.81–0.59
Personal attributes
 School truancy 3.34 1.88–5.92*** 1.74 1.13–2.68*
 Smoked cigarette 12.48 6.48–24.02*** 4.74 2.50–9.00***
 Close friends 2.37 1.20–4.71* 1.43 0.79–2.60
 Peer support 1.50 0.83–2.72 1.31 0.83–2.07
 Sexual risk behaviour 1.71 0.92–3.20 1.59 0.93–2.71
School environmental factors
 Bullying victimisation 1.65 0.87–3.13 2.09 1.27–3.43**
 Physically attacked 1.61 0.89–2.93 2.16 1.36–3.45**
 Physical fight 1.54 0.84–2.82 0.94 0.58–1.52
 Hunger 0.99 0.49–1.99 1.35 0.78–2.33
Parental attributes
 Parental substance use 1.88 0.97–3.64 2.45 1.45–4.13**
 Parental monitoring 0.90 0.50–1.79 1.31 0.82–2.11
 Parental understanding 0.75 0.39–1.41 1.58 0.99–2.51
 Parental bonding 0.91 0.48–1.74 1.07 0.67–1.73
 Parental intrusion of privacy 1.04 0.60–1.80 1.09 0.71–1.68
  1. AOR adjusted odds ratio for all factors which appear in table, CI confidence interval
  2. *p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01; *** p < 0.001