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Table 4 Linear regression analysis for SDQ (emotional symptoms, hyperactivity, total difficulties) by parental migration groups and demographic characteristic

From: Mental health and risk behaviors of children in rural China with different patterns of parental migration: a cross-sectional study

  Emotional symptomsa
B(SE)
Hyperactivityb
B(SE)
Total difficultiesc
B(SE)
Parental migration status (ref: N-LBC)   
 B-LBC 0.36 (0.11)** 0.22 (0.11)** 0.79 (0.29)**
 O-LBC 0.21 (0.12) 0.27 (0.12) 0.66 (0.31)
Gender (ref: male)    
 Female 0.55 (0.10)*** 0.08 (0.10) 0.17 (0.25)
Age 0.02 (0.04) 0.25 (0.04)*** 0.16 (0.10)
Perceived income level (ref: much better off/better off/the same)  
 Poorer/much poorer 0.47 (0.18)** 0.31 (0.18) 1.66 (0.44)***
Any sibling (ref: yes)    
 No − 0.18 (0.10) − 0.26 (0.10)* − 0.57 (0.26)*
  1. B-LBC left-behind children with both parents migrating, O-LBC left-behind children with one parent migrating, N-LBC neither parents had migrated
  2. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001
  3. aN = 1932, R2 = 0.027; bN = 1934, R2 = 0.028; cN = 1907, R2 = 0.016