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Table 1 Sample characteristics

From: Measuring children’s emotional and behavioural problems: are SDQ parent reports from native and immigrant parents comparable?

 Sample
Full sampleGerman nativesRussian originTurkish originChi2-test/
ANOVA
N:11,81210,610534668 
Interview partner
 Mother86.2%88.5%83.5%57.9%χ2 (4) = 506.09**
 Father8.9%7.6%8.4%29.5%
 Both4.9%4.2%8.1%12.6%
Interview partner born in Germany
 Yes91.5%100%1.7%19.5%χ2 (6) = 10611.2**
 No7.5%0%90.3%68.5%
 Both parents: one born in Germany0.1%0%0.2%2.6%
Both parents: none born in Germany0.9%0%7.9%9.4%
Gender of the child
 Male51.0%50.6%52.8%55.7%χ2 (2) = 7.12*
 Female49.0%49.4%47.2%44.3%
Age of the child (3–17 years)
 M/SD9.87/4.249.93/4.239.66/4.229.01/4.12F (2, 11809) = 15.45**
Socio-economic status
 Low13.9%11.1%27.7%50.7%χ2 (4) = 935.24**
 Medium61.2%62.0%62.9%44.6%
 High24.9%26.9%9.5%4.7%
  1. *p < 0.05;**p < 0.01