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Table 5 Model fit of configural models tested separately in the subgroups (with DIF items)

From: Measuring children’s emotional and behavioural problems: are SDQ parent reports from native and immigrant parents comparable?

SampleGerman native M1German native M2Russian originTurkish origin
Model, degrees of freedom, p value5 factor model, df = 265, p < 0.001
 Chi2603.172603.172692.8811008.665
 CFI0.910.910.800.74
 RMSEA (90% CI)0.049 (0.44–0.55)0.049 (0.44–0.55)0.060 (0.054–0.065)0.071 (0.067–0.76)
 SRMR0.0880.0880.0950.101
Model, degrees of freedom, p value5 factor model & higher order factors internalizing and externalizing problems, df = 268, p < 0.001
 Chi2a633.641691.8621032.168
 CFI0.900.800.73
 RMSEA (90% CI)0.051 (0.046–0.056)0.059 (0.054–0.064)0.072 (0.067–0.076)
 SRMR0.0910.0950.103
Model, degrees of freedom, p value5-factor model and general problem behaviour as higher-order factor, df = 270, p < 0.001
 Chi2656.678656.677836684.8401030.456
 CFI0.897160.8970.8020.73162212
 RMSEA (90% CI)0.052 (0.047–0.057)0.052 (0.047–0.057)0.058 (0.053–0.064)0.071 (0.067–0.076)
 SRMR0.0940.0940.0960.104
Model, degrees of freedom, p value2 factor- model (general problem behaviour factor and prosocial behaviour factor), df = 274, p < 0.001
 Chi21110.2331110.233a1151.055
 CFI0.780.780.69
 RMSEA (90% CI)0.076 (0.072–0.081)0.076 (0.072–0.081)0.076 (0.072–0.081)
 SRMR0.1220.1220.109
Model, degrees of freedom, p value3 factor model (internalizing & externalizing problem behaviour, prosocial behaviour), df = 265, p < 0.001
 Chi2603.172603.172692.8811008.665
 CFI0.910.910.800.74
 RMSEA (90% CI)0.049 (0.44–0.55)0.049 (0.44–0.55)0.060 (0.054–0.065)0.071 (0.067–0.76)
 SRMR0.0880.0880.0950.101
Model, degrees of freedom, p value4 factor model (internalizing problem behaviour, conduct problems, hyperactivity, prosocial behaviour), df = 269, p < 0.001
 Chi2699.267699.267736.8411073.932
 CFI0.890.890.780.72
 RMSEA (90% CI)0.055 (0.050–0.060)0.055 (0.050–0.060)0.062 (0.057–0.067)0.073 (0.069–0.078)
 SRMR0.0970.0970.0970.105
  1. CI confidence interval
  2. aModel did not converge/was not identified