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Table 5 Model fit of configural models tested separately in the subgroups (with DIF items)

From: Measuring children’s emotional and behavioural problems: are SDQ parent reports from native and immigrant parents comparable?

Sample German native M1 German native M2 Russian origin Turkish origin
Model, degrees of freedom, p value 5 factor model, df = 265, p < 0.001
 Chi2 603.172 603.172 692.881 1008.665
 CFI 0.91 0.91 0.80 0.74
 RMSEA (90% CI) 0.049 (0.44–0.55) 0.049 (0.44–0.55) 0.060 (0.054–0.065) 0.071 (0.067–0.76)
 SRMR 0.088 0.088 0.095 0.101
Model, degrees of freedom, p value 5 factor model & higher order factors internalizing and externalizing problems, df = 268, p < 0.001
 Chi2 a 633.641 691.862 1032.168
 CFI 0.90 0.80 0.73
 RMSEA (90% CI) 0.051 (0.046–0.056) 0.059 (0.054–0.064) 0.072 (0.067–0.076)
 SRMR 0.091 0.095 0.103
Model, degrees of freedom, p value 5-factor model and general problem behaviour as higher-order factor, df = 270, p < 0.001
 Chi2 656.678 656.677836 684.840 1030.456
 CFI 0.89716 0.897 0.802 0.73162212
 RMSEA (90% CI) 0.052 (0.047–0.057) 0.052 (0.047–0.057) 0.058 (0.053–0.064) 0.071 (0.067–0.076)
 SRMR 0.094 0.094 0.096 0.104
Model, degrees of freedom, p value 2 factor- model (general problem behaviour factor and prosocial behaviour factor), df = 274, p < 0.001
 Chi2 1110.233 1110.233 a 1151.055
 CFI 0.78 0.78 0.69
 RMSEA (90% CI) 0.076 (0.072–0.081) 0.076 (0.072–0.081) 0.076 (0.072–0.081)
 SRMR 0.122 0.122 0.109
Model, degrees of freedom, p value 3 factor model (internalizing & externalizing problem behaviour, prosocial behaviour), df = 265, p < 0.001
 Chi2 603.172 603.172 692.881 1008.665
 CFI 0.91 0.91 0.80 0.74
 RMSEA (90% CI) 0.049 (0.44–0.55) 0.049 (0.44–0.55) 0.060 (0.054–0.065) 0.071 (0.067–0.76)
 SRMR 0.088 0.088 0.095 0.101
Model, degrees of freedom, p value 4 factor model (internalizing problem behaviour, conduct problems, hyperactivity, prosocial behaviour), df = 269, p < 0.001
 Chi2 699.267 699.267 736.841 1073.932
 CFI 0.89 0.89 0.78 0.72
 RMSEA (90% CI) 0.055 (0.050–0.060) 0.055 (0.050–0.060) 0.062 (0.057–0.067) 0.073 (0.069–0.078)
 SRMR 0.097 0.097 0.097 0.105
  1. CI confidence interval
  2. aModel did not converge/was not identified