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Table 6 Model fit of configural models tested separately in the subgroups without items marked for DIF

From: Measuring children’s emotional and behavioural problems: are SDQ parent reports from native and immigrant parents comparable?

Sample German native M1 German native M2 Russian origin Turkish origin
Model, degrees of freedom, p value 5 factor model, df = 220, p < 0.001
 Chi2 524.275674 537.840014 652.941623 -a
 CFI 0.91917157 0.91276914 0.79070152
 RMSEA (90% CI) 0.051 (0.046–0.057) 0.052 (0.047–0.058) 0.065 (0.059–0.071)
 SRMR 0.077 0.088 0.096
Model, degrees of freedom, p value 5 factor model & higher order factors internalizing and externalizing problems, df = 223, p < 0.001
 Chi2 a 577.394 651.202 a
 CFI 0.903 0.793
 RMSEA (90% CI) 0.055 (0.050–0.061) 0.064 (0.059–0.070)
 SRMR 0.092 0.097
Model, degrees of freedom, p value 5-factor model and general problem behaviour as higher-order factor, df = 225, p < 0.001
 Chi2 579.197 594.173 641.429 825.560
 CFI 0.906 0.899 0.799 0.779
 RMSEA (90% CI) 0.055 (0.049–0.060) 0.056 (0.050–0.061) 0.063 (0.057–0.069) 0.069 (0.064–0.074)
 SRMR 0.084 0.095 0.097 0.097
Model, degrees of freedom, p value 2 factor-model (general problem behaviour factor and prosocial behaviour factor), df = 229, p < 0.001
 Chi2 1033.461 989.836 882.058 935.999
 CFI 0.786 0.791 0.684 0.739
 RMSEA (90% CI) 0.082 (0.077–0.087) 0.08 (0.0745–0.085) 0.078 (0.072–0.084) 0.074 (0.069–0.079)
 SRMR 0.113 0.120 0.111 0.104
Model, degrees of freedom, p value 3 factor model (internalizing & externalizing problem behaviour, prosocial behaviour), df = 227, p < 0.001
 Chi2 738.805 732.610 770.730 858.082
 CFI 0.864 0.861 0.737 0.767
 RMSEA (90% CI) 0.066 (0.060–0.071) 0.065 (0.060–0.070) 0.072 (0.066–0.077) 0.070 (0.065–0.076)
 SRMR 0.096 0.105 0.104 0.098
Model, degrees of freedom, p value 4 factor model (internalizing problem behaviour, conduct problems, hyperactivity, prosocial behaviour), df = 224, p < 0.001
 Chi2 621.611886 611.2929 708.838157 845.806496
 CFI 0.894 0.894 0.766 0.771
 RMSEA (90% CI) 0.058 (0.053–0.064) 0.057 (0.052–0.063) 0.068 (0.063–0.074) 0.070 (0.065–0.075)
 SRMR 0.088 0.095 0.098 0.097
  1. CI confidence interval
  2. aModel did not converge/was not identified